Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Cyprinidae
(Minnows or carps) > Leuciscinae
Etymology: Phoxinus: Greek, phoxinos = certain river fish (Ref. 45335); ketmaieri: Named for Valerio Ketmaier, a molecular biologist and friend with a long collaborative history with
the senior author.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Temperate
Europe: Krk island and probably River Cetina, River Zrmanje and others rivers of the Dalmatian district, the rivers Krka and Neretva in Croatia.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 4.6 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 105385)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 7 - 8. Phoxinus ketmaieri is distinguished from other congeners from Italy and Western Balkans
by having low number of scales in longitudinal series 58-61, and number of circumpeduncular scales, 24-26. The holotype has a depigmented body but with melanophores traces of the former pigmentation and breast blotches of scales separated. In a paratype from Zrmanje, the longitudinal stripe extends from the tip of snout to the end of caudal peduncle where it ends in a roundish spot. The pharyngeal teeth usually 4.1 or 4.2, body moderately elongate, dorsal profile convex sometimes with a slightly pronounced hump, dorsal profile of the head slightly more convex than ventral, snout blunt, mouth slightly subterminal, and chin rounded (Ref. 105385).
On the Krk island, this species was encountered in a small brook, Baska brook at Baska draga, not far from the sea (Ref. 105385).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Bianco, P.G. and S. De Bonis, 2015. A taxonomic study of the genus Phoxinus (Acthinopterigy, Cyprinidae) from Italy and western Balkans with description of four new species: P. ketmaieri, P. karsticus, P. apollonicus and P. likai. Res. Wildl. Conserv. 4:1-17. (Ref. 105385)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00813 (0.00393 - 0.01681), b=3.13 (2.96 - 3.30), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.0 ±0.3 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (11 of 100) .