Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Cyprinidae
(Minnows or carps) > Leuciscinae
Etymology: Phoxinus: Greek, phoxinos = certain river fish (Ref. 45335); bigerri: Bigerri is a Gaul tribe inhabiting the are more or less corresponding with the Adour drainage, where the type series was collected. More on author: Kottelat.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Subtropical
Europe: Adour drainage in France; Ebro drainage and streams of Cantabric range (possibly introduced in some) in Spain. Introduced into Douro drainage.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 6.6 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 75055)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Diagnosed from its congeners in Europe by the possession of the following characters: origin of anal fin below or behind base of last dorsal ray; in adults, anal fin length about equal to caudal peduncle length; anal fin margin straight to convex; distance between tip of first and last branched anal rays 1.1-1.8 times depth of caudal peduncle (with fin stretched out); dorsal head profile almost horizontal above eye, then abruptly descending towards tip of snout; patches of breast scales separated by unscaled area or connected anteriorly by 1-2 rows of scales; lateral line usually reaching almost to end of caudal peduncle; in preserved individuals, flank with a midlateral row of vertically elongated blotches whose depth is about 1/3-1/2 of body depth at same position; caudal peduncle depth 2.3-3.1 times in its length; interorbital width 33-43% HL; marked hump at nape in largest individuals (Ref. 59043).
Found in clear water with moderate current, about 50 cm depth (Ref. 75055). Inhabits streams and creeks in foothills with clear and cold water, and gravel to stone bottom. Occurs in groups. Feeds predominantly on aquatic invertebrates (Ref. 59043).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Kottelat, M., 2007. Three new species of Phoxinus from Greece and southern France (Teleostei: Cyprinidae). Ichthyol. Explor. Freshwat. 18(2):145-162. (Ref. 75055)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00891 (0.00390 - 0.02036), b=3.06 (2.86 - 3.26), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.0 ±0.3 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (15 of 100) .