Photostomias liemi  Kenaley, 2009

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Photostomias liemi   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Photostomias liemi
Picture by Museum of Comparative Zoology (MCZ), Harvard University

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Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Stomiiformes (Lightfishes and dragonfishes) > Stomiidae (Barbeled dragonfishes) > Malacosteinae
Etymology: Photostomias: Greek, photos = light + greek, stoma = mouth (Ref. 45335);  liemi: Named for Karel F. Liem, Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard University.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Marine; bathypelagic; depth range 0 - 4000 m (Ref. 80463).   Tropical

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Indo-Pacific: tropical, scattered records off the Indo-Malaysian, Japanese, Philippine, and Hawaiian archipelagos, and Eastern Indian Ocean, Java, Indonesia.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 14.3 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 80463)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Males and females of this species differ from its congeners with the exception of females of P. atrox, by having the following set of characters: postorbital photophore (PO) of moderate size, 21.0-25.3% upper jaw length (UJL), in males greater than 60 mm (vs. PO small, 12.1-20.0% UJL in P. tantillux; large, 26.8-46.6% UJL, in P. atrox and P. lucingens); accessory orbital (AO) of moderate size, 4.9-8.3% UJL, in males greater than 60 mm (vs. AO small, 2.4-4.7% UJL, in P. lucingens); three tooth patches at posterior end of the first, second, and third basibranchials (vs. two basibranchials tooth patches in P. guernei); total of dorsal- and anal-fin rays 49-53, rarely 55 (vs. 57-63, rarely 56, in P. goodyeari); females mature at approximately 100 mm (vs. less than 70 mm in P. tantillux and P. lucingens). Females of P. liemi can not be distinguished from those of P. atrox (Ref. 80463).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Kenaley, C.P., 2009. Revision of Indo-Pacific species of the loosejaw dragonfish genus Photostomias (Teleostei: Stomiidae: Malacosteinae). Copeia 2009(1):175-189. (Ref. 80463)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)


CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless





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Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 3.3 - 6.5, mean 4.6 (based on 96 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5156   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00417 (0.00165 - 0.01051), b=3.11 (2.88 - 3.34), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.9   ±0.7 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (24 of 100) .