Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Cyprinidae
(Minnows or carps) > Leuciscinae
Etymology: Phenacobius: Greek, phenax, -akos = deceptive + Greek, bios = life (Ref. 45335); crassilabrum: From the words crassi, meaning fat; and labrum, lip (Ref. 10294).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; demersal. Temperate; 37°N - 35°N
North America: upper Tennessee River drainage from South Fork Holston River in Virginia to Little Tennessee River in Georgia; extreme upper Savannah River drainage in North Carolina, South Caroline and Georgia, USA.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 11.2 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 10294); common length : 7.5 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 12193)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Phenacobius crassilabrum is distinguished by having the following characters: lips as in sucker-mouth minnow, P. mirabilis; pelvic fins extending to or past anus; 56-68 scales on lateral line; 19-20 scales around caudal peduncle; dark olive above; dark stripe along back wider in front of dorsal fin; light green streak above black stripe along silver side; and 2 yellow spots on caudal fin base (Ref. 86798).
Inhabits gravel and rubble runs and riffles of creeks and small to medium rivers (Ref. 5723, 10294, 86798).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Page, L.M. and B.M. Burr, 2011. A field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. Boston : Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 663p. (Ref. 86798)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5312 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00708 (0.00318 - 0.01574), b=3.08 (2.89 - 3.27), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.0 ±0.3 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (22 of 100) .