Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes/Notothenioidei
() > Nototheniidae
(Cod icefishes) > Nototheniinae
Etymology: Patagonotothen: Composed from Patagonia, the Argentinian province + Greek,noton = back + Greek, adverbial particle, then, that denotes distance or removal (Ref. 45335). More on author: Regan.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; benthopelagic; depth range 50 - 500 m (Ref. 27363). Temperate; 36°S - 56°S, 69°W - 54°W
Southwest Atlantic: restricted to the Patagonian shelf.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 44.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 7226)
Maximum length taken from asymptotic length in Ref. 7226; length type assumed as TL. Bottom browser, feeding mostly on gelatinous and crustacean plankton (Ref. 47657).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Pequeño, G., 1989. Peces de Chile. Lista sistematica revisada y comentada. Rev. Biol. Mar., Valparaiso 24(2):1-132. (Ref. 9068)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 4.5 - 9, mean 6 °C (based on 192 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5001 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00692 (0.00320 - 0.01497), b=3.17 (2.99 - 3.35), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.50 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (K=0.22-0.35; assuming fec < 10,000).
Prior r = 0.57, 95% CL = 0.37 - 0.85, Based on 1 stock assessment.
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (37 of 100) .