Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Siluriformes
(Catfishes) > Schilbeidae
Etymology: .pellucida: From the Latin "pellucidus" (translucent, transparent), referring to the translucent body in live individuals of this "glass catfish" (Ref. 43912) More on author: Boulenger.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; demersal; pH range: 6.5 - 7.2; dH range: 5 - 15; potamodromous (Ref. 51243); depth range - m (Ref. ), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 25°C - 28°C (Ref. 2060)
Africa: Upper Nile to West Africa (Ref. 33556). In west Africa in the Chad basin, Niger, Senegal, Boubo, Bandama, Agnébi, Volta, Mono, Ouémé, Ogun, coastal lagoons of Nigeria and Cross (Ref. 57127). In lower Guinea limited to the Cross and Wouri Rivers (Ref. 81643).
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?, range 5 - ? cm
Max length : 12.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 57127)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 60 - 78;
Vertebrae: 44 - 50. Diagnosis: dorsal fin absent; adipose fin always present; inner side of pectoral-fin spine variably denticulate, with small to rather well developed serrations; 60-78 soft rays in anal fin (Ref. 43912, 57127, 81643). Vomerine teeth present (Ref. 43912, 81643). In general no small dark blotch at the base of the caudal fin (Ref. 81643).
Gregarious schooling species confined to larger lakes and rivers (Ref. 43912). Benthic species, occurs in deep water (Ref. 13851). Feeds mainly on small planktonic and benthic insects and crustaceans (Ref. 13851, 43912). Oviparous, eggs are unguarded (Ref. 205). Rarely exceeds 15 cm TL (Ref. 43912). Usually smoked or sun-dried, after which they are very tasty and may fetch high prices; sometimes ground into fish flour or fish meal and stored for long periods in sealed containers as an insurance against famine (Ref. 43912).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Distinct pairing (Ref. 205).
De Vos, L., 1995. Results of a systematic revision of African schilbeids at the species level. p.113-364. In L. De Vos. A systematic revision of the African Schilbeidae (Teleostei, Siluriformes) with an annotated bibliography, Chapter 3. Ann. Mus. R. Afr. Centr. Zool. vol. 271. (Ref. 33556)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: commercial; aquarium: commercial
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5312 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00562 (0.00335 - 0.00945), b=3.12 (2.97 - 3.27), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.47 se; based on food items.
Generation time: 1.7 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 1 growth studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (22 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 440 [199, 904] mg/100g ; Iron = 1.58 [0.89, 2.91] mg/100g ; Protein = 16 [14, 18] % ; Omega3 = 0.265 [0.119, 0.586] g/100g ; Selenium = 56.7 [21.6, 139.2] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 52.4 [22.0, 123.1] μg/100g ; Zinc = 2.32 [1.61, 3.32] mg/100g (wet weight);