Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Sparidae
Etymology: Pachymetopon: Greek, pachys = fat + Greek, metopon = brow (Ref. 45335). More on author: Valenciennes.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; non-migratory (Ref. 4350); depth range 1 - ? m (Ref. 3688). Subtropical; 13°S - 28°S
Southeast Atlantic: Angola to the west coast of South Africa.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 22.0, range 22 - ? cm
Max length : 46.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3198); common length : 25.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 2715); max. published weight: 1.7 kg (Ref. 4699)
Inhabits shallow water over rocky bottoms. Feeds on seaweeds, echinoderms, crustaceans, mollusks and worms (Ref. 3688).
Bauchot, M.-L. and J.-C. Hureau, 1990. Sparidae. p. 790-812. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 2. (Ref. 3688)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: commercial; gamefish: yes
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.6250 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01549 (0.00873 - 0.02747), b=3.05 (2.90 - 3.20), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.51 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (K=0.10-0.16; tm=5; tmax=12).
Prior r = 0.48, 95% CL = 0.32 - 0.72, Based on 2 stock assessments.
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate to high vulnerability (52 of 100) .