Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Beloniformes
(Needle fishes) > Adrianichthyidae
(Ricefishes) > Oryziinae
Etymology: Oryzias: Greek, oryza = rice; because of the habitat used by this fish (Ref. 45335); songkhramensis: Named for the Songkhram River basin region of Thailand.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; pelagic. Tropical
Asia: Songkhram and Mekong River basins, Northeastern Thailand
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 1.9 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 84389)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 15 - 17;
Vertebrae: 27 - 29. Oryzias songkhramensis is distinguished from all other congeners by possessing the following combination of characters: anal-fin rays 15 - 16 (modally 16), bony contact organs on the anal-fin rays in males; a relatively anterior dorsal fin origin, opposite anal fin 13 - 14 (modally 14); vertebrae 27 - 29 (modally 28); fourth vertebra without neural prezygapophysis; scale relatively large, cycloid; 26 - 29 (modally 27) in a lateral series, predorsal scale 19 - 21 (modally 21); snout length shorter than eye diameter, snout length 12.9 - 31.2% (mean 21.7%) of HL; eye diameter 35.2 - 53.4% (mean 43.2%) of HL; a black spot at the base of pectoral fin, pectoral fin length 13.1 - 24.9% (mean 19.7%) of SL; length of anal fin base 19.4 - 30.0% (mean 25.6%) of SL; caudal peduncle length 11.3 - 20.3% (mean 16.7%) of SL; caudal fin slightly, rounded, length 3.6 - 3.8 (mean 3.7) in SL, black and pale yellow marginal bands on the dorsal and ventral portions of the caudal fin (Ref. 84389).
The species was collected in clear water from ditches and paddy fields by dip
nets in the Songkhram and Mekong River basins. The area of collection is a small ditch, 3-6 m wide and 0.5 to 2 m deep, Substrate ranges from sand to detritus or mud. Associated species include Trichogaster trichopterus, Trichopsis vittatus, Rasbora rubrodorsalis, Channa striata and Machrobrachium lanchesteri; aquatic plants Nymphaea lotus, Jussiaea repens and Hydrilla verticillata. Water quality in the area: 27.5-28.7 ºC, conductivity 41.5-124.4 ?m/l, dissolved oxygen 2.05-3.97 mg/l, pH 7.1-7.9 and salinity 0.1 ppt (Ref. 84389).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Magtoon, W., 2010. Oryzias songkhramensis, A New Species of Ricefish (Beloniformes; Adrianichthyidae) from Northeast Thailand and Central Laos. Tropical Natural History 10(1): 107-129. (Ref. 84389)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00479 (0.00190 - 0.01207), b=3.13 (2.91 - 3.35), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.1 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months ().
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .