Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Mugiliformes
(Mullets) > Mugilidae
Etymology: Oedalechilus: Greek, oidaleos, -a, -on = swollen + Greek, cheilos = lip (Ref. 45335). More on author: Cuvier.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; brackish; demersal. Subtropical; 46°N - 20°N, 18°W - 36°E
Eastern Atlantic: Morocco to Gibraltar. Throughout the Mediterranean Sea but not in Black Sea.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 12.9, range 11 - 15 cm
Max length : 25.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 2804); max. reported age: 10 years (Ref. 93212)
Neritic, found inshore, at mouths of rivers and sewage effluents but not entering brackish and freshwater (Ref. 7465). Oviparous, eggs are pelagic and non-adhesive (Ref. 205).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Ben-Tuvia, A., 1986. Mugilidae. p. 1197-1204. In P.J.P. Whitehead, M.-L. Bauchot, J.-C. Hureau, J. Nielsen and E. Tortonese (eds.) Fishes of the North-eastern Atlantic and Mediterranean. Volume 3. UNESCO, Paris. (Ref. 2804)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 16.4 - 21.6, mean 19.3 °C (based on 138 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 1.0000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01072 (0.00686 - 0.01674), b=2.98 (2.85 - 3.11), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.5 ±0.2 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Generation time: 5.7 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 1 growth studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (40 of 100) .