Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Cyprinodontiformes
(Rivulines, killifishes and live bearers) > Nothobranchiidae
Etymology: Nothobranchius: Greek, nothos = false + Greek, brangchia = gill (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic; non-migratory. Tropical; 23°C - 30°C (Ref. 2060)
Africa: Kenya and Somalia. Reported from the Wabi Shebele basin in Ethiopia (Ref. 58460).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 8.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 52331)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 17 - 20. Distinguished from all other species of the genus by its humpback, convex dorsal profile and concave transition between head and body along dorsal midline, numerous small and irregularly set scales in the longitudinal series, 26-30 gill-rakers in contrast to 12-15 in other species, long and closely set, dark vertical bar through the eye, uniform drab male color pattern, and courting behavior (Ref. 26692).
Occurs in temporary pools. 8 cm max TL (Ref. 3788). Bottom spawner, 3 months incubation. Very difficult to maintain in aquarium (Ref. 27139).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Wildekamp, R.H. and R. Haas, 1992. Redescription of Nothobranchius nicrolepis, description of two new species from northern Kenya and southern Somalia, and note on the status of Paranothobranchius (Cyprinodontiformes: Aplocheilidae). Ichthyol. Explor. Freshwat. 3(1):1-16. (Ref. 26692)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01072 (0.00440 - 0.02607), b=2.92 (2.71 - 3.13), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months ().
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .