Moenkhausia bonita  Benine, Castro & Sabino, 2004

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Moenkhausia bonita
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Characiformes (Characins) > Characidae (Characins) > Incertae sedis
Etymology: bonita: Named for its type locality, Baía Bonita; noun in apposition.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Freshwater; pelagic; depth range 0 - 1 m (Ref. 51265).   Tropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

South America: known only from its type locality in the upper Rio Miranda, Brazil.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 4.4 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 51265)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal soft rays (total): 11. This species differs from other congeners, except intermedia and dichroura by the following combination of characters: presence of a black posterior margin on each caudal-fin lobe, and presence of a black lozenge-shaped pigment blotch on the caudal peduncle that extends to the posterior limit of the median caudal-fin rays; the short 7 gill rakers on the upper limb of the first gill arch distinguish bonita from the 2 similar species that possess 10 elongate gill rakers on the upper limb an d18 on the lower limb of the first gill arch (Ref. 51265).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Collected in marginal backwaters with low current speeds (about 0.1 m/sec) in up to 1 meter depth. Occurs primarily near the water surface, swimming in schools up to 10-30 individuals. Stomach contents and observations indicate that this species feeds mainly on terrestrial insects (dipterans and coleopterans) from the surrounding riparian forest. The insects are captured via surface picking and drift feeding (Ref. 51265).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Benine, R.C., R.M.C. Castro and J. Sabino, 2004. Moenkhausia bonita: a new small characin fish from the Rio Paraguay basin, southwestern Brazil (Characiformes: Characidae). Copeia 2004(1):68-73. (Ref. 51265)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)


CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless





Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

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Internet sources

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01445 (0.00650 - 0.03213), b=3.05 (2.86 - 3.24), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.3   ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  .
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .