Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Eleotridae
(Sleepers) > Milyeringinae
Etymology: Milyeringa: From an Australian western region, Milyering (Ref. 45335). More on author: Whitley.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; brackish; pelagic; pH range: 6.8 - 7.5; non-migratory; depth range 0 - 32 m (Ref. 35759). Subtropical; 21°C - 28°C (Ref. 35759); 22°S - 24°S
Australia: subterranean waters below the narrow coastal plain between North West Cape and Yardie Creek; Five Mile, Homestead, Kudmurra, Milyering (Mangrove), New Yardie, Pilgramuna and Tantabiddi Wells. Threatened (Ref. 35759).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 5.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 44894)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 9. Head large, broad and depressed. Eyes not visible. Mouth large, horseshoe-shaped. Cardiform teeth. Rows of well developed sensory papillae on head and trunk. Scales are reduced and entirely absent from the head. Whitish coloration in the skin.
Lives beneath coastal limestone in perpetually dark, slightly brackish subterranean water (Ref. 44894). Cave-dweller, lacking eyes and skin pigmentation, with well developed system of sensory papillae on the head. Found swimming slowly or suspended near the surface of wells and sinkholes, particularly at night. This is possibly due to the occurrence of food items, e.g., algae, small insects or invertebrates, on the water surface. May also feed on detritus concentrated at the bottom of such openings. May tolerate temperatures to 30°C; salinity 0.2-34 ppt. Co-occurs with the blind eel.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Romero, A. and P.B.S. Vanselow, 2000. Threatened fishes of the world: Milyeringa veritas Whitley, 1945 (Eleotridae). Environ. Biol. Fishes 57:36. (Ref. 35759)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of no interest; aquarium: potential
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.6250 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00389 (0.00180 - 0.00842), b=3.12 (2.94 - 3.30), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.0 ±0.35 se; based on food items.
Generation time: 2.3 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 1 growth studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (K=0.48).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (26 of 100) .