Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Clupeiformes
(Herrings) > Clupeidae
(Herrings, shads, sardines, menhadens) > Dorosomatinae
Etymology: Microthrissa: Grek, mikros = small + Greek, thrissa, -es = shad (Ref. 45335). More on author: Boulenger.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; pelagic. Tropical; 8°N - 7°N
Africa: middle Congo River basin (Ref. 188, 28136, 47399) and its tributaries north of the equator (Ref. 3509), apparently not in Kasai River and its tributaries (Ref. 188). Its presence in Lualaba River is questionable and possibly based on a labelling error (Ref. 47399).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 9.9 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3509)
soft rays: 22 - 27;
Vertebrae: 37 - 41. Diagnosis: Body rather deep, depth about 30-37% of standard length; scutes strongly keeled, 1 or 2 before base of first pectoral fin ray, 13-16 + 3-7; snout fairly pointed; lower jaw not projecting, included in upper when mouth closed, with small teeth at symphysis; maxilla blade slender, more than 3 times as long as deep, upper edge with a ridge flared outward; second supra-maxilla small, shaft as long as or longer than blade, the latter spatulate; lower gillrakers 14-17; total anal fin rays 23-27; scales in lateral series 36-40 (Ref. 188, 47399). It resembles Microthrissa minuta, which has more gillrakers but fewer anal fin rays, 19-21 and 18-21 respectively (Ref. 188).
A riverine species (Ref. 188).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Whitehead, P.J.P., 1985. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 7. Clupeoid fishes of the world (suborder Clupeoidei). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the herrings, sardines, pilchards, sprats, shads, anchovies and wolf-herrings. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(7/1):1-303. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 188)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: subsistence fisheries
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5312 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00933 (0.00445 - 0.01956), b=3.04 (2.87 - 3.21), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.1 ±0.3 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .