Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Siluriformes
(Catfish) > Mochokidae
(Squeakers or upside-down catfishes) > Mochokinae
Etymology: Microsynodontis: Greek, mikros = small + Greek, synodon = with the teeth growing all together (Ref. 45335). More on author: Boulenger.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; demersal; pH range: 6.8 - 7.5; dH range: 10 - 15. Tropical; 22°C - 26°C (Ref. 13614)
Africa: Ntem River in Gabon and Cameroon, and rivers Campo, Ivindo, Lobe, Nyong and Sanaga in Cameroon (Ref. 81251). Reports from the Congo basin are another species, probably referring to the valid M. christyi (Ref. 52369).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 8.5 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 81251)
Morphology | Morphometrics
(total): 1. Diagnosis: dorsal and lateral surfaces of head with short tubercles in both sexes (not more than 0.1 mm long); dorsal spine gently curved; adipose fin very long, its base 34.4-41.6% SL; body without numerous dark brown elongate spots; caudal peduncle slender, its depth 5.8-9.2% SL; anterior edge of pectoral spine with antrorse serrations (Ref. 81251).
Oviparous (Ref. 205). Maximum reported standard length 100mm (Ref. 3202).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Oviparous (Ref. 205). Distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205).
Gosse, J.-P., 1986. Mochokidae. p. 105-152. In J. Daget, J.-P. Gosse and D.F.E. Thys van den Audenaerde (eds.) Check-list of the freshwater fishes of Africa (CLOFFA). ISNB, Brussels, MRAC, Tervuren; and ORSTOM, Paris. Vol. 2. (Ref. 3202)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5002 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00617 (0.00262 - 0.01453), b=3.09 (2.88 - 3.30), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.9 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (11 of 100) .