Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Lutjanidae
(Snappers) > Lutjaninae
Etymology: Macolor: Latin, macula, -ae = stain, spot.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 3 - 90 m (Ref. 9821). Tropical; 31°N - 26°S, 72°E - 154°W
Western Pacific: Ryukyu Islands to Australia and Melanesia. Possibly more widespread, but confused in the literature with Macolor niger.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 60.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 30874)
soft rays: 10. Preorbital bone broader than eye diameter. Mouth large, the maxilla extending to below anterior half of eye. A deep notch on lower edge of opercle. Scale rows on back parallel to lateral line. Juveniles with white spots on back, a black bar through eye and a broad, thick horizontal band from eye to rear edge of opercle. A black stripe from pectoral region to lower caudal lobe. Adults have yellow eyes (Ref. 48635). Body depth 2.2-2.4 in SL (Ref. 90102).
Adults inhabit steep slopes of lagoon, channel, or seaward reefs (Ref. 9710), commonly on deep reef slopes and may be in small groups (Ref. 9710, 48635). Juveniles occur singly on protected reef slopes with feather stars, in staghorn corals or large sponges. Occasionally, they aggregate with M. niger (Ref. 37816). They feed primarily on large zooplankton at night. Frequently seen in markets, mainly fresh.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Allen, G.R., 1985. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 6. Snappers of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of lutjanid species known to date. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(6):208 p. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 55)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: commercial; gamefish: yes
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 26.1 - 29, mean 28 (based on 946 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.7500 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01622 (0.00939 - 0.02800), b=2.97 (2.83 - 3.11), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 4.0 ±0.65 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (39 of 100) .