Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes(genus, species) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic; non-migratory. Temperate; 44°N - 41°N, 5°W - 0°
Europe: Spain from Ebro to Ter drainages on Mediterranean slope and westward to Ason drainage on Atlantic slope. Introduced to central Italy in Fiora, Ombrone and Albegna drainages.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?, range 15 - 20 cm
Max length : 80.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 27345); max. reported age: 16 years (Ref. 59043)
Diagnosed from other species of Barbus and Luciobarbus in Iberian Peninsula by having the following characters: lateral line with 43-48 + 2-3 scales; last simple dorsal ray slender, not serrated posteriorly in adults, occasionally with a few small, widely set serrae in individuals smaller than about 15 cm SL; posterior barbel reaching beyond posterior margin of eye; lower lip thick, without median lobe; and lower jaw tip covered by lower lip (Ref. 59043).
Inhabits lower and middle reaches of rivers with slow current, preferring areas with vegetation and shore cover. Migrates upstream areas with faster current and gravel or stone bottom for spawning (Ref. 59043). Feeds on invertebrates and plants (Ref. 26100) and algae (Ref. 59043).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Kottelat, M. and J. Freyhof, 2007. Handbook of European freshwater fishes. Publications Kottelat, Cornol and Freyhof, Berlin. 646 pp. (Ref. 59043)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00851 (0.00699 - 0.01036), b=3.07 (3.02 - 3.12), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.8 ±0.29 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High vulnerability (56 of 100) .