Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Tropical; 13°N - 11°N
Africa: Endemic to Lake Tana, Ethiopia.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 61.8 cm FL male/unsexed; (Ref. 35835)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 8. Eye diameter at least 1.6 times in snout length and interorbital width; anterior barbel longer than 1.1 times eye diameter; golden yellowish; heavy pharyngeal jaws, with large crushing teeth; often a large anal opening.
Occurs over muddy, sandy and rocky substrates, especially in the shore areas of the lake, almost exclusively in water shallower than 6 m. A specialized macro-molluskivore. Especially bivalves up to 5 cm, and to a lesser extent gastropod snails have been found in its intestine (Ref. 35835).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Nagelkerke, L.A.J. and F.A. Sibbing, 1997. A revision of the large barbs (Barbus spp., Cyprinidae, Teleostei) of Lake Tana, Ethiopia, with a description of seven new species. p. 105-170. In L.A.J. Nagelkerke (ed.) The barbs of Lake Tana, Ethiopia: morphological diversity and its implications for taxonomy, trophic resource partititioning and fisheries. Wageningen University, The Netherlands. (Ref. 35835)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00776 (0.00251 - 0.02399), b=3.04 (2.79 - 3.29), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.2 ±0.44 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High vulnerability (63 of 100) .