Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Cyprinidae
(Minnows or carps) > Labeoninae
Etymology: Labeo: Latin, labeo = one who has large lips (Ref. 45335). More on author: Hamilton.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; brackish; demersal; potamodromous (Ref. 51243); depth range 10 - 10 m (Ref. 9687). Tropical; 25°N - 16°N
Asia: Pakistan, India, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Nepal, Thailand and South Western China. Reported as introduced to China (Ref. 55380).
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 32.8  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 90.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 41236)
Adults occur in rivers and ponds (Ref. 4832); in slow-moving waters of rivers and feed on plants (Ref. 9687), filamentous algae and diatoms (Ref. 44151). Fecundity of 2 specimens (38.8-40.5 cm) ranged between 193,000 and 238,000 (Ref. 1479).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Talwar, P.K. and A.G. Jhingran, 1991. Inland fishes of India and adjacent countries. vol 1. A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam. 541 p. (Ref. 4832)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: commercial; aquaculture: commercial
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01047 (0.00831 - 0.01319), b=3.03 (2.99 - 3.07), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.0 ±0.00 se; based on food items.
Generation time: 7.8 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 2 growth studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (K=0.14-0.15).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High vulnerability (56 of 100) .