Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Elasmobranchii (sharks and rays) > Rajiformes
(Skates and rays) > Rajidae
Etymology: Hongeo: Name refers to the Korean common name for skates, 'hong-eo'.’; koreana: Named after its type locality (Ref. 26574).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range 30 - 180 m (Ref. 81217). Temperate
Northwest Pacific: southwestern coast of the Korean Peninsula.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 76.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 26574); 73.5 cm TL (female)
Morphology | Morphometrics
This species is characterized by two derived character states: rostral cartilage continuous with the neurocranium and stout proximally, but very slender and uncalcified distally; and a broad anterior fontanelle, extending forward onto the basal part of rostral cartilage, slightly beyond the leading edge of nasal capsules. Other characters that distinguished this species are the following: the dorsal surface of tail of both sexes with a row of distinct thorns along midline; most thorns are directed anteriorly; middle of dorsal surface of disc with a pair of longitudinally elongated black blotches with undulated contours; three groups of outer buccal ampullae and tubules; three groups of nasal ampullae and tubules; ventral surface with hyoidean ampullae and tubules extending posteriorly past cloaca; rostral shaft is narrow with filamentous cartilage at the base; scapulocoracoid comparatively short and high with dorsoventrally elliptical anterior fenestra and expanded postventral fenestra; external margin of mesopterygium of pectoral fin slightly undulated, not sinuous nor fused with pectoral radials; with clasper component eperon and pent (Ref. 81217).
Oviparous (Ref. 50449, 81217). Eggs have horn-like projections on the shell (Ref. 205). Maximum length for female from Ref. 26574.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Oviparous, paired eggs are laid. Embryos feed solely on yolk (Ref. 50449).
Jeong, C.-H. and T. Nakabo, 1997. Raja koreana, a new species of skate (Elasmobranchii, Rajoidei) from Korea. Ichthyol. Res. 44(4):413-420. (Ref. 26574)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 1.0000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00575 (0.00280 - 0.01185), b=3.13 (2.94 - 3.32), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.8 ±0.6 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Fec assumed to be <100).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate to high vulnerability (52 of 100) .