Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Syngnathiformes
(Pipefishes and seahorses) > Syngnathidae
(Pipefishes and seahorses) > Hippocampinae
Etymology: Hippocampus: Greek, ippos = horse + Greek,kampe = curvature (Ref. 45335); sindonis: Named for M. Sindo, an assistant curator of fishes at Stanford University (Ref. 117115). More on authors: Jordan & Snyder.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; non-migratory; depth range 2 - 30 m (Ref. 117115). Subtropical
Northwest Pacific: southern Japan and the southern Korean Peninsula. International trade is monitored through a licensing system (CITES II, since 5.15.04).
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 4.0  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 10.8 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 117115)
This species is distinguished in having the following characters: bony body; double gill openings; R 10 + 35-38 (holotype: 10 + 37); coronet moderately high; CoT 5; CHGO 26.8-41.0 % HL; CHMC 36.3-55.4 % HL; a very blunt or truncated spine on the dorsal fin base; absence of the wing-tip spine on dorsal fin base (Ref. 117115).
Reported to live in a wide range of habitats, from shallow high-energy algae reefs to soft bottom habitats (Ref. 117115). Length type refers to height (= TL - head length). Ovoviviparous (Ref. 205). The male carries the eggs in a brood pouch which is found under the tail (Ref. 205).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Male carries the eggs in a brood pouch (Ref. 205).
Lourie, S.A., A.C.J. Vincent and H.J. Hall, 1999. Seahorses: an identification guide to the world's species and their conservation. Project Seahorse, London. 214 p. (Ref. 30915)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 14.2 - 21.6, mean 18.3 (based on 107 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00389 (0.00156 - 0.00968), b=2.99 (2.77 - 3.21), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (11 of 100) .