Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Lophiiformes
(Anglerfishes) > Himantolophidae
Etymology: Himantolophus: Greek, himas or himantos = leather strap, thong or leash (referring to the thick leathery illicium) + Greek, lopho or lophio = crest or tuft (referring to the baited illicium projecting from the head) (Ref. 86949).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathypelagic; depth range 100 - 1540 m (Ref. 86949), usually 100 - 400 m (Ref. 86949). Deep-water
Eastern Central Atlantic: 10°46'N, 23°54'W (type locality).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 4. Distinguishing characteristics of metamorphosed female: absent or rudimentary anterior escal appendage, length less than 1% SL; distal escal appendage 0.4-2.6 in SL in specimens 3.2-12.5 cm, 4.3% in 16.3 cm specimen; blunt distal escal lobes; posterior escal appendage 1.5-10% SL, undivided proximally, simple or divided into 2-3 branches distally; 1-2 pairs of posterolateral appendages situated on or near base of escal bulb, simple or bifurcated distal-most and longest pair, length 5.6-13% SL (Ref. 86949).
Specimens caught in bottom trawls at depths of 600 to 1540 m (Ref. 86949).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Eschmeyer, W.N. (ed.), 2003. Catalog of fishes. Updated database version of March 2003. Catalog databases as made available to FishBase in March 2003. (Ref. 46206)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 9.9 - 17.4, mean 14.1 °C (based on 39 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00244 - 0.04107), b=3.04 (2.81 - 3.27), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.3 ±0.75 se; based on food items.
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (11 of 100) .