Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Characiformes
(Characins) > Characidae
(Characins) > Incertae sedis
Etymology: Hasemania: Because of John D. Haseman, the American collector of fishes (Ref. 45335); kalunga: The specific epithet is in reference to Comunidade Quilombo Kalunga, descendents of African slaves that lives in the Chapada dos Veadeiros, near the type locality. Kalunga, in Bantu language, means protected sacred place. A noun in apposition.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic; depth range ? - 1 m (Ref. 83954). Tropical
South America: known from its type locality in the upper rio Tocantins basin, tributary of rio das Almas in Goiás state, Brazil.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 5.3 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 83954)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Vertebrae: 34 - 36. Diagnosed from members of the genus Hasemania by the following characters:
11-21 perforated lateral line scales (vs. 5-9, except from Hasemania crenuchoides and Hasemania piatan); presence of a black vertically-elongate humeral spot (vs.
absence, except from Hasemania crenuchoides, Hasemania nambiquara, and Hasemania piatan); and absence of scale sheath along anal-fin base (vs. presence, except from Hasemania maxillaris and Hasemania piatan). Differs further from Hasemania crenuchoides by having interorbital width 27.6-31.3 % of HL (vs. 34.0-35.6% of HL) and caudal peduncle length 13.9-17.4 % of SL (vs. 17.9-21.8% of SL); from Hasemania hanseni, Hasemania maxillaris, and Hasemania nambiquara
by having 12-15 branched anal-fin rays (vs. 16-19); from Hasemania hanseni, Hasemania melanura and Hasemania nana by the presence of 1-2 maxillary
teeth (vs. teeth absent); and from Hasemania piatan by having 19 principal caudal-fin rays (vs. 18), 33-36 longitudinal scale series (vs. 27-32), and presence of caudal spot (vs. absence in Hasemania piatan); and also from Hasemania nambiquara by the absence of a broad horizontal black band in the midlateral body (Ref. 83954).
Found along the margins of semilentic stretches of a shallow, clear water river, greatest depth of 1.20 m, width of 1.5 to 10 m, with sand and leaves on the bottom, with moderate submerged vegetation (mainly Poaceae and Cyperaceae) and a little riparian vegetation (shrubs). Feeds largely on Formicidae, followed by Diptera, Chlorophyta, unidentified vegetal organic matter, and insects fragments in lesser amount (Ref. 83954).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Bertaco, V.A. and F.R. Carvalho, 2010. New species of Hasemania (Characiformes: Characidae) from Central Brazil, with comments on the endemism of upper Rio Tocantins basin, Goiás State. Neotrop. Ichthyol. 8(1):27-32. (Ref. 83954)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5020 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01445 (0.00644 - 0.03242), b=3.06 (2.87 - 3.25), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.1 ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months ().
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .