Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Leuciscidae
(Minnows) > Laviniinae
Etymology: Gila: A river flowing from SW Mejico to south Arizona. More on author: Girard.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic; depth range - m (Ref. ), usually - m (Ref. ). Temperate; 0°C - ; 44°N - 41°N
North America: Klamath and Lost River systems in Oregon and California, USA.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 41.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 86798); common length : 22.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 12193)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 8 - 9. Gila coerulea can be distinguished by the following characters: large eye; pointed snout; terminal mouth extending to front of eye; fairly slender, compressed body, slender caudal peduncle; 58-71 scales on lateral line; 9 dorsal rays; 8-9 anal rays; pharyngeal teeth 2,5-5,2; body generally dusky olive above; silver blue side; and breeding males with blue snout, orange side and fins (Ref. 86798).
Inhabits rocky pools of creeks and small to large rivers, and rocky shores of lakes and impoundments (Ref. 86798).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Page, L.M. and B.M. Burr, 2011. A field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. Boston : Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 663p. (Ref. 86798)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01122 (0.00439 - 0.02869), b=3.03 (2.81 - 3.25), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.0 ±0.2 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate to high vulnerability (53 of 100) .