Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Cichlidae
(Cichlids) > Geophaginae
Etymology: Geophagus: Greek, gea = the earth + Greek, phagein = to eat (Ref. 45335); parnaibae: Named for the río Parnaíba basin where the species occurs.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic; pH range: 6.5 - 7.6. Tropical; 24°C - 31°C (Ref. 57445)
South America: Rio Parnaiba drainage in Brazil.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 7.6 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 57445)
soft rays: 7 - 8. Distinguished from all its congeners by the combination of the following characters: lack of a dark infraorbital stripe or black preopercular markings; a caudal fin with distinct longitudinal bands; only 30 to 31 scales in E1 row; and small size, maximum TL approximately 16 cm (Ref. 57445).
Inhabits bare sandy bottoms in brooks and small rivers with remarkably strong current during the rainy season. Also occurs frequently in pools and ponds with more or less stagnant water during the dry season and the period of low water (Ref. 57445). A specimen measuring 6.5 cm SL has 80% plant matter (mainly seeds), aquatic insect larvae, detritus and sand grains in its stomach and adjacent intestine (Ref. 57445).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Staeck, W. and I. Schindler, 2006. Geophagus parnaibae sp. n. - a new species of cichlid fish (Teleostei: Perciformes: Cichlidae) from the Rio Parnaíba basin, Brazil. Zool. Abh. (Dresden) 55:69-75. (Ref. 57445)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01698 (0.00737 - 0.03914), b=3.04 (2.86 - 3.22), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 2.5 ±0.1 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (11 of 100) .