Garra trilobata Shangningam & Vishwanath, 2015

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Garra trilobata
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes (Carps) > Cyprinidae (Minnows or carps) > Labeoninae
Etymology: Garra: Name based on a vernacular Indian name (Hamilton, 1822:343, Ref. 1813).;  trilobata: Derived from the Latin 'trilobatus', -a, -um, meaning ‘trilobed’, in reference to the trilobed proboscis. An adjective.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Freshwater; benthopelagic.   Tropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Asia: Sanalok River, Chindwin basin in Manipur, India.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 13.4 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 117240)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal soft rays (total): 11; Anal soft rays: 8; Vertebrae: 32. Garra trilobata is diagnosed from other species of Garra in the Chindwin drainage by having a conspicuous and heavily tuberculated trilobed proboscis (vs. bilobed in G. bispinosa, unilobed in G. litanensis, G. rotundinasus and G. qiaojiensis, or incipient in G. elongata and G. gravelyi), fewer lateral line scales (31-32 vs. 34-37 in G. bispinosa, G. gravelyi, G. rotundinasus and G. qiaojiensis, 39-40 in G. elongata). It can be distinguished from G. litanensis by having a scaled (vs. naked) chest (Ref. 117240).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Occurs in medium to fast flowing clear hill stream with gravel bottom and lush green algal bloom. (Ref. 117240). Other associated fish species include Balitora burmanica, Glyptothorax trilineatus, Pseudecheneis ukhrulensis, Mastacembelus armatus, Neolissochilus stracheyi, and Schistura sikmaiensis (Ref. 117240).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Shangningam, B. and W. Vishwanath, 2015. Two new species of Garra from the Chindwin basin, India (Teleostei: Cyprinidae). Ichthyol. Explor. Freshwat. 26(3):263-272. (Ref. 117240)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)


CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless





Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

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Internet sources

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00912 (0.00418 - 0.01991), b=3.04 (2.87 - 3.21), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (29 of 100) .