Famiglia Belonidae - Needlefishes
  Ordine
:
Belonidae Belonidae
  Classe
:
Actinopterygii
No. in FishBase
:
Genera : 10 | Specie : 47 Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
  Ambiente
:
Fresh : Yes | Salmastro : Yes | Marino : Yes
  Division
:
Marine
  Acquario
:
some
  First Fossil Record
:
middle   Tertiary   middle   Oligocene
Fonte Biblio..   Berg, L.S. 1958
  Commento
:
Distribution: Marine and freshwater. Tropical and temperate waters. Diagnostic Features: Elongate fishes with both upper and lower jaws extended into long beaks filled with sharp teeth (except in neotenic Belonion); nostrils in a pit anterior to eyes. No spines in fins; dorsal and anal fins posterior in position; pectoral fins short. Dorsal fin with 11-43 rays; anal fin with 12-39 rays, pelvic fins, with 6 soft rays, are located in an abdominal position; and pectoral fins with 5-15 rays. Lateral line running down from pectoral fin origin and then along ventral margin of body. Scales small, cycloid, easily detached. Precaudal vertebrae 33-65, caudal vertebrae 19-41 and total vertebrae 52-97. Colour: These fishes live at the surface and are protectively colored for this mode of life by being green or blue on the back and silvery white on the lower sides and belly. Usually, a dusky or dark blue stripe along sides; fleshy tip of lower jaw frequently red or orange. Some fresh water needlefishes reach only 6 or 7 cm in total length while some marine species may attain 2 m. Composition of Family: The Belonidae contains 10 genera and 34 species. Four genera are monotypic: the southern African Petalichthys, the worldwide Ablennes and Platybelone, and apparently the Asian freshwater Xenetodon. The eastern Atlantic Belone contains two species. Tylosurus contains six species of strictly marine species. Three genera are restricted to freshwaters of South America: Belonion (two species), Potamorrhaphis (three), and Pseudotylosurus (two). The most speciose genus, Strongylura, contains 14 species, mostly marine, some estuarine, and three strictly freshwater, two of which are found in Central and South America, S. fluviatilis from Ecuador and Colombia and S. hubbsi from Mexico and Guatemala. Five species are considered polytypic, containing a total of 17 subspecies. Habitat and Biology: Most species are marine, but some occur in freshwaters. Carnivorous, feeding largely on small fishes which they catch sideways in their beaks. Needlefishes tend to leap and skitter at the surface and some people have been injured when accidentally struck by them, particularly at night when the fishes are attracted by lights. Eggs have entangling tendrils which act as holdfasts to each other and to objects in the water (Ref. 205). Interest to Fisheries: Caught by casting or trolling surface or near-surface lures and in floating gill nets. Flesh excellent in flavor although some people have misgivings about eating it due to the presence of many small bones and the green color of the bones.
  Etymology
:
Greek, belone = needle ( Ref. 45335).
  Reproductive guild
:
nonguarders
  Typical activity level
:
  Fonte Bibliografica Principale
:
  Coordinatore
:
  Deep Fin Classification
:
Osteichthyes | Actinopterygii | Actinopteri | Neopterygii | Teleostei | Osteoglossocephalai | Clupeocephala | Euteleosteomorpha | Neoteleostei | Eurypterygia | Ctenosquamata | Acanthomorphata | Acanthopterygii | Percomorphaceae | Ovalentaria | | Cichlomorphae | Beloniformes | Belonoidei | | Belonidae

Show species images | Show valid names | Nominal species list | Identification keys | CAS specimen photos | References

 
Ref.
[ e.g. 9948]
Glossary
[ e.g. cephalopods]


Species/Synonymy list for the family Belonidae as currently in FishBase

Important recommendation:

The list below must not be used as an authority reference synonymy list like those found in scientific published revisions, which must be the source to be used and cited eventually when they exist.

Rather, it reflects the current content of FishBase, and the progress with respect to synchronization with the Catalog of Fishes. However, we think it can be useful for users to assess the quality of information in FishBase, to start new work on the family, or to cross-check with other lists.

But we appreciate to be cited in publications when this list has been of any working value. In particular, for published scientific, we suggest then to cite it in the Material and Method section as a useful tool to conduct the research, but again, not as a taxonomic or nomenclatural authority reference.

Unless it is explicitly precised, the list is not complete, please search all original names published for the family in the Catalog of Fishes (genera, species), including those with uncertain or unknown status, that are not included in FishBase when they are not attached to a valid species.

This list uses some data from Catalog of Fishes (not shown but used to sort names).

The list ordered as follows:

Please send comments and corrections if you detect errors or missing names.

Show all | Show only accepted name | Show only accepted and original names
Scientifc name Status Senior/Junior synonym Combination
Belone belone (Linnaeus, 1760)
acceptedseniornew
Esox belone Linnaeus, 1760
synonymseniororiginal
Belone belone belone (Linnaeus, 1760)
synonymseniornew
! Belone bellone (Linnaeus, 1760)
synonymseniornew
Belone longirostris Schinz, 1822
synonymjuniororiginal
Belone acus Risso, 1827
synonymjuniororiginal
Belone vulgaris Fleming, 1828
synonymjuniororiginal
Belone rostrata Faber, 1829
synonymjuniororiginal
Hemiramphus europaeus Yarrell, 1837
synonymjuniororiginal
Belone gracilis Lowe, 1839
synonymjuniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal
Hemiramphus balticus Hohnbaum-Hornschuch, 1843
synonymjuniororiginal
Hemiramphus behnii van der Hoeven, 1843
synonymjuniororiginal
Belone vulgaris Valenciennes, 1846
synonymjuniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal
Belone cornidii Günther, 1866
synonymjuniororiginal
Belone linnei Malm, 1877
synonymjuniororiginal
Belone euxini Günther, 1866
acceptedseniororiginal
Belone belone euxini Günther, 1866
synonymjuniorchange in rank
Belone belone (non Günther, 1866)
misappliedmisappliednew
Belone svetovidovi Collette & Parin, 1970
acceptedseniororiginal
Belone belone (non Linnaeus, 1761)
misappliedmisappliednew
Belonion apodion Collette, 1966
acceptedseniororiginal
Belonion dibranchodon Collette, 1966
acceptedseniororiginal
Strongylura strongylura (van Hasselt, 1823)
acceptedseniornew
Belone strongylura van Hasselt, 1823
synonymseniororiginal
Tylosurus strongylura (van Hasselt, 1823)
synonymseniornew
Tylosurus strongylurus (van Hasselt, 1823)
synonymseniornew
! Belone strongylurus van Hasselt, 1823
synonymseniororiginal
! Strongylura strongylurus (van Hasselt, 1823)
synonymseniornew
! Strongylurus strongylura (van Hasselt, 1823)
synonymseniornew
! Tylosurus strongilurus (van Hasselt, 1823)
synonymseniornew
! Tylosurus strongylorus (van Hasselt, 1823)
synonymseniornew
Strongylura caudimaculata van Hasselt, 1824
synonymjuniororiginal
Belone caudimacula Cuvier, 1829
synonymjuniororiginal
Belone oculata Leschenault, 1846
synonymjuniororiginal
Belone saigonensis Sauvage, 1879
synonymjuniororiginal
Strongylura marina (Walbaum, 1792)
acceptedseniornew
Esox marinus Walbaum, 1792
synonymseniororiginal
Esox houttuyni Walbaum, 1792
synonymjuniororiginal
Esox belone houttuyni Bloch & Schneider, 1801
synonymjuniororiginal
! Belone houttuyni Bloch & Schneider, 1801
synonymjuniororiginal
Esox belone marinus Bloch & Schneider, 1801
synonymjuniororiginal
Esox longirostris Mitchill, 1818
synonymjuniororiginal
! Belona truncata Lesueur, 1821
synonymjuniororiginal
Belone truncata Lesueur, 1821
synonymjuniororiginal
Belone almeida Quoy & Gaimard, 1824
synonymjuniororiginal
Belone galeata Valenciennes, 1846
synonymjuniororiginal
Belone timucu Valenciennes, 1846
synonymjuniororiginal
Belone scrutator Girard, 1858
synonymjuniororiginal
Strongylura timucu (Walbaum, 1792)
acceptedseniornew
Esox belone timucu Walbaum, 1792
synonymseniororiginal
Belone cigonella Valenciennes, 1846
synonymjuniororiginal
Belone depressa Poey, 1860
synonymjuniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal
Tylosurus euryops Bean & Dresel, 1884
synonymjuniororiginal
Tylosurus sagitta Jordan & Gilbert, 1884
synonymjuniororiginal
Strongylura anastomella (Valenciennes, 1846)
acceptedseniornew
Belone anastomella Valenciennes, 1846
synonymseniororiginal
Ablennes anastomella (Valenciennes, 1846)
synonymseniornew
Belone gracilis Temminck & Schlegel, 1846
ambiguoushomonymoriginal
Belone esocina Basilewsky, 1855
synonymjuniororiginal
Tylosurus issajewi Gratzianov, 1907
synonymjuniororiginal
Strongylura incisa (Valenciennes, 1846)
acceptedseniornew
Belone incisa Valenciennes, 1846
synonymseniororiginal
Belone leiuroides Bleeker, 1851
synonymjuniororiginal
! Belone liuroides Günther, 1866
ambiguousotheroriginal
Tylosurus terebra Whitley, 1927
synonymjuniororiginal
Rhaphiobelone robusta Schultz, 1953
synonymjuniororiginal
Strongylura senegalensis (Valenciennes, 1846)
acceptedseniornew
Belone senegalensis Valenciennes, 1846
synonymseniororiginal
Belone capensis Günther, 1866
synonymjuniororiginal
Belone houttuyni (non Walbaum, 1792)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Strongylura marina (non Walbaum, 1792)
misappliedmisappliednew
Belone truncata (non Lesueur, 1821)
misappliedmisappliedoriginal
Strongylura urvillii (Valenciennes, 1846)
acceptedseniornew
Belone urvillii Valenciennes, 1846
synonymseniororiginal
! Strongylura urvilli (Valenciennes, 1846)
synonymseniornew
Belone macrolepis Bleeker, 1857
synonymjuniororiginal
Strongylura leiura (Bleeker, 1850)
acceptedseniornew
Belone leiurus Bleeker, 1850
synonymseniororiginal
synonymseniornew
Tylosurus leiurus (Bleeker, 1850)
synonymseniornew
! Belone leira Bleeker, 1850
synonymseniororiginal
! Strongylura leiyra (Bleeker, 1850)
synonymseniornew
! Strongylurus leiura (Bleeker, 1850)
synonymseniornew
Belone ciconia Richardson, 1846
synonymjuniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal
Belone ferox Günther, 1866
synonymjuniororiginal
Belone natalensis Günther, 1866
synonymjuniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal
Strongylura exilis (Girard, 1854)
acceptedseniornew
Belone exilis Girard, 1854
synonymseniororiginal
Belone stolzmanni Steindachner, 1878
synonymjuniororiginal
Strongylura stolzmanni (Steindachner, 1878)
synonymjuniornew
Tylosurus stolzmanni (Steindachner, 1878)
synonymjuniornew
Tylosurus sierrita Jordan & Gilbert, 1882
synonymjuniororiginal
Strongylura peruana Fowler, 1919
synonymjuniororiginal
Strongylura tahitiensis Fowler & Bean, 1923
synonymjuniororiginal
acceptedseniornew
Belone notata Poey, 1860
synonymseniororiginal
Strongylura notata (Poey, 1860)
acceptedseniornew
Strongylura krefftii (Günther, 1866)
acceptedseniornew
Belone krefftii Günther, 1866
synonymseniororiginal
! Strongylura kreffti (Günther, 1866)
synonymseniornew
synonymjuniororiginal
Strongylura scapularis (Jordan & Gilbert, 1882)
acceptedseniornew
Tylosurus scapularis Jordan & Gilbert, 1882
synonymseniororiginal
Tylosurus jordani Starks, 1906
synonymjuniororiginal
acceptedseniornew
Belone fluviatilis Regan, 1903
synonymseniororiginal
acceptedseniororiginal
Strongylura hubbsi Collette, 1974
acceptedseniororiginal
Tylosurus acus imperialis (Rafinesque, 1810)
acceptedseniornew
Esox imperialis Rafinesque, 1810
synonymseniororiginal
Belone imperialis (Rafinesque, 1810)
synonymseniornew
Strongylura imperialis (Rafinesque, 1810)
synonymseniornew
Tylosurus imperialis (Rafinesque, 1810)
synonymseniornew
synonymjuniororiginal
! Belone cantrainii (Cocco, 1833)
synonymjuniornew
Strongylura acus (non Lacepède, 1803)
misappliedmisappliednew
Belone choram (non Rüppell, 1837)
misappliedmisappliedoriginal
Strongylura raphidoma (non Ranzani, 1842)
misappliedmisappliednew
Tylosurus acus acus (Lacepède, 1803)
acceptedseniornew
Sphyraena acus Lacepède, 1803
synonymseniororiginal
Strongylura acus (Lacepède, 1803)
synonymseniornew
Tylosurus acus (Lacepède, 1803)
acceptedseniornew
! Tylosaurus acus (Lacepède, 1803)
synonymseniornew
! Belona carribaea Lesueur, 1821
synonymjuniororiginal
Belone carribaea Lesueur, 1821
synonymjuniororiginal
! Belona carribea Lesueur, 1821
synonymjuniororiginal
! Belone carribea Lesueur, 1821
synonymjuniororiginal
Belone latimana Poey, 1860
synonymjuniororiginal
Belone altipinna Poey, 1860
synonymjuniororiginal
Belone jonesii Goode, 1879
synonymjuniororiginal
Belone gerania (non Valenciennes, 1846)
misappliedmisappliedoriginal
Tylosurus crocodilus (Péron & Lesueur, 1821)
acceptedseniornew
! Belona crocodila Péron & Lesueur, 1821
synonymseniororiginal
Belone crocodilus Péron & Lesueur, 1821
synonymseniororiginal
Strongylura crocodila (Péron & Lesueur, 1821)
synonymseniornew
Strongylura crocodilus (Péron & Lesueur, 1821)
synonymseniornew
Tylosurus crocodilus crocodilus (Péron & Lesueur, 1821)
synonymseniornew
! Belone crocodila Péron & Lesueur, 1821
synonymseniororiginal
! Strongylurus crocodila (Péron & Lesueur, 1821)
synonymseniornew
! Tylosurus crocodiles (Péron & Lesueur, 1821)
Synonymseniornew
! Tylosurus crocodiles crocodiles (Péron & Lesueur, 1821)
synonymseniornew
! Tylosurus crocodilis (Péron & Lesueur, 1821)
Synonymseniornew
! Tylosurus crocodilis crocodilis (Péron & Lesueur, 1821)
synonymseniornew
! Tylosurus crocodilius (Péron & Lesueur, 1821)
synonymseniornew
Belone coromandelica van Hasselt, 1823
synonymjuniororiginal
Belone timucoides van Hasselt, 1824
synonymjuniororiginal
Belone raphidoma Ranzani, 1842
synonymjuniororiginal
Strongylura raphidoma (Ranzani, 1842)
synonymjuniornew
Tylosurus raphidoma (Ranzani, 1842)
synonymjuniornew
Belone gigantea Temminck & Schlegel, 1846
synonymjuniororiginal
Strongylura gigantea (Temminck & Schlegel, 1846)
synonymjuniornew
Tylosurus giganteus (Temminck & Schlegel, 1846)
synonymjuniornew
Belone annulata Valenciennes, 1846
synonymjuniororiginal
Tylosurus annulatus (Valenciennes, 1846)
synonymjuniornew
! Strongylurus annulatus (Valenciennes, 1846)
synonymjuniornew
Belone gerania Valenciennes, 1846
synonymjuniororiginal
Belone melanurus Bleeker, 1849
synonymjuniororiginal
Belone cylindrica Bleeker, 1850
synonymjuniororiginal
Belone crassa Poey, 1860
synonymjuniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal
Belone koseirensis Klunzinger, 1871
synonymjuniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal
Esox aaveri Curtiss, 1938
synonymjuniororiginal
Belone marisrubri marisrubri (non Bloch & Schneider, 1801)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Belone choram (non Rüppell, 1837)
misappliedmisappliedoriginal
Mastaccembelus choram (non Rüppell, 1837)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Tylosurus choram (non Rüppell, 1837)
misappliedmisappliednew
Belone robusta (non Günther, 1866)
misappliedmisappliedoriginal
Tylosurus choram (Rüppell, 1837)
acceptedseniornew
Belone choram Rüppell, 1837
synonymseniororiginal
! Tylosurus chorum (Rüppell, 1837)
synonymseniornew
Esox belone marisrubri Bloch & Schneider, 1801
synonymjuniororiginal
Belone robusta Günther, 1866
synonymjuniororiginal
Tylosurus acus melanotus (Bleeker, 1850)
acceptedseniornew
Belone melanotus Bleeker, 1850
synonymseniororiginal
Strongylura melanota (Bleeker, 1850)
synonymseniornew
Tylosurus melanota (Bleeker, 1850)
synonymseniornew
Tylosurus melanotus (Bleeker, 1850)
synonymseniornew
! Strongylura melanotus (Bleeker, 1850)
synonymseniornew
! Tylosaurus arcus melanotus (Bleeker, 1850)
synonymseniornew
Belone appendiculatus Klunzinger, 1871
synonymjuniororiginal
Strongylura appendiculata (Klunzinger, 1871)
synonymjuniornew
Thalassosteus appendiculatus (Klunzinger, 1871)
synonymjuniornew
! Thallasosteus appendiculatus (Klunzinger, 1871)
synonymjuniornew
Strongylura auloceps Fowler & Bean, 1923
synonymjuniororiginal
Tylosurus punctulatus (Günther, 1872)
acceptedseniornew
Belone punctulata Günther, 1872
synonymseniororiginal
Belone brachyrhynchos Bleeker, 1854
synonymjuniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal
Belone philippinus (Herre, 1928)
synonymjuniornew
Tylosurus gavialoides (Castelnau, 1873)
acceptedseniornew
Belone gavialoides Castelnau, 1873
synonymseniororiginal
Belone groeneri Klunzinger, 1879
synonymjuniororiginal
Belone gracilis Macleay, 1881
ambiguoushomonymoriginal
Belone macleayana Ogilby, 1886
synonymjuniororiginal
Belone staigeri Saville-Kent, 1893
ambiguousotheroriginal
Tylosurus staigeri (Saville-Kent, 1893)
ambiguousothernew
Belone tyrannus Saville-Kent, 1893
ambiguousotheroriginal
! Belone tyranus Saville-Kent, 1893
ambiguousotheroriginal
! Tylosurus tyranus (Saville-Kent, 1893)
ambiguousothernew
Belone vorax Saville-Kent, 1893
ambiguousotheroriginal
Tylosurus vorax (Saville-Kent, 1893)
ambiguousothernew
Tylosurus howesi Ogilby, 1907
ambiguousotheroriginal
Tylosurus impotens Ogilby, 1908
synonymjuniororiginal
Strongylura fijiense Fowler & Bean, 1923
synonymjuniororiginal
Tylosurus pacificus (Steindachner, 1876)
acceptedseniornew
Belone pacifica Steindachner, 1876
synonymseniororiginal
Tylosurus acus pacificus (Steindachner, 1876)
synonymseniornew
synonymjuniororiginal
Tylosurus fodiator Jordan & Gilbert, 1882
acceptedseniororiginal
Strongylura fodiator (Jordan & Gilbert, 1882)
synonymseniornew
Tylosurus crocodilus fodiator Jordan & Gilbert, 1882
synonymseniorchange in rank
Tylosurus acus rafale Collette & Parin, 1970
acceptedseniororiginal
Tylosurus rafale Collette & Parin, 1970
synonymseniorchange in rank
Strongylura acus (non Lacepède, 1803)
misappliedmisappliednew
Strongylura caribbaea (non Lessueur, 1821)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Belone caribaea (non Lesueur, 1821)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Strongylura crocodila (non Péron & Lesueur, 1821)
misappliedmisappliednew
Belone choram (non Rüppell, 1837)
misappliedmisappliedoriginal
acceptedseniornew
Belone guianensis Jardine, 1843
synonymseniororiginal
! Potamorrhapis guianensis (Jardine, 1843)
synonymseniornew
Belone scolopacina Valenciennes, 1846
synonymjuniororiginal
Belone taeniata Günther, 1866
synonymjuniororiginal
Pseudotylosurus microps (non Günther, 1866)
misappliedmisappliednew
Potamorrhaphis eigenmanni Miranda Ribeiro, 1915
acceptedseniororiginal
! Potamorhaphis eigenmanni Miranda Ribeiro, 1915
synonymseniororiginal
Potamorrhaphis guianensis (non Jardine, 1843)
misappliedmisappliednew
Belone taeniata (non Günther, 1866)
misappliedmisappliedoriginal
Potamorrhaphis petersi Collette, 1974
acceptedseniororiginal
Potamorrhaphis guianensis (non Schomburgk, 1843)
misappliedmisappliednew
Potamorrhaphis labiatus Sant'Anna, Delapieve & Reis, 2012
acceptedseniororiginal
Ablennes hians (Valenciennes, 1846)
acceptedseniornew
Belone hians Valenciennes, 1846
synonymseniororiginal
Tylosurus hians (Valenciennes, 1846)
synonymseniornew
! Ablenes hians (Valenciennes, 1846)
synonymseniornew
! Athlennes hians (Valenciennes, 1846)
synonymseniornew
! Blennes hians (Valenciennes, 1846)
synonymseniornew
Belone melanostigma Valenciennes, 1846
synonymjuniororiginal
Mastaccembelus melanostigma (Valenciennes, 1846)
synonymjuniornew
synonymjuniororiginal
Belone maculata Poey, 1860
synonymjuniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal
Ablennes pacificus Walford, 1936
synonymjuniororiginal
synonymjuniorchange in rank
Strongylura anastomella (non Valenciennes, 1846)
misappliedmisappliednew
acceptedseniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal
Xenentodon cancila (Hamilton, 1822)
acceptedseniornew
Esox cancila Hamilton, 1822
synonymseniororiginal
Belone cancila (Hamilton, 1822)
synonymseniornew
! Xenenthodon cancila (Hamilton, 1822)
synonymseniornew
Belone graii Sykes, 1839
synonymjuniororiginal
Esox indica McClelland, 1842
synonymjuniororiginal
Esox hindostanicus Falconer, 1868
synonymjuniororiginal
Xenentodon canciloides (non Bleeker, 1854)
misappliedmisappliednew
Xenentodon canciloides (Bleeker, 1854)
acceptedseniornew
Belone canciloides Bleeker, 1854
synonymseniororiginal
acceptedseniornew
Belone platyura Bennett, 1832
synonymseniororiginal
Platybelone platyura (Bennett, 1832)
synonymseniornew
synonymseniornew
! Platybelone argala platyura (Bennett, 1832)
synonymseniornew
Belone carinata Valenciennes, 1846
synonymjuniororiginal
Belone persimilis Günther, 1909
synonymjuniororiginal
Platybelone dorsalis Whitley, 1932
synonymjuniororiginal
Belone dorsalis (Whitley, 1932)
synonymjuniornew
Esox teatae Curtiss, 1938
synonymjuniororiginal
Platybelone argalus (non Lesueur, 1821)
misappliedmisappliednew
acceptedseniornew
Belona argalus Lesueur, 1821
synonymseniororiginal
Platybelone argalus (Lesueur, 1821)
acceptedseniornew
! Platybelone argala (Lesueur, 1821)
synonymseniornew
Belone ardeola Valenciennes, 1846
synonymjuniororiginal
Strongylura ardeola (Valenciennes, 1846)
synonymjuniornew
synonymjuniororiginal
acceptedseniornew
Belone platura Rüppell, 1837
synonymseniororiginal
Platybelone argalus trachura (Valenciennes, 1846)
acceptedseniornew
Belone trachura Valenciennes, 1846
synonymseniororiginal
Belone ardeola trachura Valenciennes, 1846
synonymseniorchange in rank
Belone argalus (non Lesueur, 1821)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Belone platyura (non Bennett, 1832)
misappliedmisappliedoriginal
Belone lovii (non Günther, 1866)
misappliedmisappliedoriginal
Platybelone lovii (Günther, 1866)
acceptedseniorchange in rank
Belone lovii Günther, 1866
synonymseniororiginal
Platybelone argalus lovii (Günther, 1866)
synonymseniornew
Belone argalus (non Lesueur, 1821)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Platybelone argala argala (non Lesueur, 1821)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Belone platyura (non Bennett, 1832)
misappliedmisappliedoriginal
Belone ardeola (non Valenciennes, 1846)
misappliedmisappliedoriginal
Belone ardeola ardeola (non Valenciennes, 1846)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Belone trachura (non Valenciennes, 1846)
misappliedmisappliedoriginal
Platybelone argalus pterura (Osburn & Nichols, 1916)
acceptedseniornew
Tylosurus pterurus Osburn & Nichols, 1916
synonymseniororiginal
Platybelone argalus annobonensis Collette & Parin, 1970
acceptedseniororiginal
Platybelone annobonensis Collette & Parin, 1970
synonymseniorchange in rank
Belone argalus (non Lesueur, 1821)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Belone platyura (non Bennett, 1832)
misappliedmisappliedoriginal
Belone lovii (non Günther, 1866)
misappliedmisappliedoriginal
acceptedseniornew
Belone angusticeps Günther, 1866
synonymseniororiginal
! Pseudotylosurus augusticeps (Günther, 1866)
synonymseniornew
! Pseudotylusurus angusticeps (Günther, 1866)
synonymseniornew
Pseudotylosurus brasiliensis Fernández-Yépez, 1948
synonymjuniororiginal
Pseudotylosurus microps (Günther, 1866)
acceptedseniornew
Belone microps Günther, 1866
synonymseniororiginal
Belone amazonica Steindachner, 1876
synonymjuniororiginal
Deltatylosurus guayoensis Martín Salazar, 1954
synonymjuniororiginal
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