Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Acropomatiformes
(Oceanic basses) > Epigonidae
Etymology: Epigonus: Greek, epi = over, in front + Greek, gonio = angle (Ref. 45335). More on author: Barnard.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathydemersal; depth range 500 - 3000 m (Ref. 9563). Deep-water; 30°S - 50°S
Circumglobal in southern temperate waters (Ref. 7300). South Atlantic: continental slope off Argentina and off South Africa. Indo-Pacific: seamounts in the West-Indian and West-Australian ridges, Great Australian Bight, Mill Rise, seamounts in the Khizen and Eltanin Fracture zones.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 22.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9563)
soft rays: 9;
Vertebrae: 25. Opercular spine present (Ref. 31632). Largest spine on all fins generally are not longer than the diameter of the eye. Contrasting pigmented black sections on the head around the eyes, along the lower back edge of the gill cover and isthmus (Ref. 31632). Body brown above and paler below. Body very oily (Ref. 27363).
A mesobenthic-pelagic species living mainly above the bottom (Ref. 31632).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
May, J.L. and J.G.H. Maxwell, 1986. Trawl fish from temperate waters of Australia. CSIRO Division of Fisheries Research, Tasmania. 492 p. (Ref. 9563)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 2.4 - 6, mean 3.5 °C (based on 444 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00589 (0.00246 - 0.01407), b=3.12 (2.91 - 3.33), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (33 of 100) .