Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Acropomatiformes
(Oceanic basses) > Epigonidae
Etymology: Epigonus: Greek, epi = over, in front + Greek, gonio = angle (Ref. 45335); ctenolepis: Named for its ctenoid scales on the lateral line.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathydemersal; depth range 100 - 1200 m (Ref. 559). Deep-water
Northwest Pacific: Kumanonada Sea, Japan.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 10.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 559)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 9;
Vertebrae: 25. Well-developed opercular spine present. Body is noticeably flattened laterally, its greatest width is 70-80 percent of greatest depth. Length of the second spine on the first dorsal fin is 23-26 percent of head length (Ref. 31632). Eighth rib below tenth vertebra absent. Ctenoid scales on lateral line; about 12-14 transverse scales below lateral line. Eyes large, oval; mouth oblique (Ref. 35777).
A mesobenthic-pelagic species living mainly above the bottom (Ref. 31632). Found on or near continental slopes and seamounts.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Mochizuki, K. and K. Shirakihara, 1983. A new and a rare apogonid species of the genus Epigonus from Japan. Japan. J. Ichthyol. 30(3):199-207. (Ref. 35777)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00589 (0.00246 - 0.01407), b=3.12 (2.91 - 3.33), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (26 of 100) .