Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Acropomatiformes
(Oceanic basses) > Epigonidae
Etymology: Epigonus: Greek, epi = over, in front + Greek, gonio = angle (Ref. 45335); carbonarius: Name from Latin 'carbonarius', meaning charcoal, referring to the blackish coloration of the body and fins of the new species.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathydemersal; depth range ? - 408 m (Ref. 86803). Tropical
Eastern Central Pacific: Marquesas Is.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 9.5 cm SL (female)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 9;
Vertebrae: 25. This species is distinguished by the following set of characters: no opercular spine; no rib on the last abdominal vertebra; presence of lingual teeth; vomerine teeth patch on anterior part, not extending posteriorly along midline of palate; no mustache-like process; gill rakers 5-6 + 16-17 = 21-23; vertebrae 10 + 15; pored lateral-line scales 35-36 to end of hypural and 4-5 on caudal fin; D VII-I,10; A II, 9; pyloric caeca 6 (Ref. 86803).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Okamoto, M. and H. Motomura, 2011. Epigonus carbonarius, a new species of deepwater cardinalfish (Perciformes: Epigonidae) from the Marquesas Islands, with a redefinition of the Epigonus oligolepis group. Ichthyol. Res. 58(2):155-160. (Ref. 86803)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01230 (0.00558 - 0.02710), b=3.01 (2.82 - 3.20), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (26 of 100) .