Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Cyprinidae
(Minnows or carps) > Cyprininae
Etymology: Enteromius: Greek, enteron = intestine + Greek, myo, mys = muscle (Ref. 45335); vandewallei: This species is dedicated to Honorary Professor Pierre Vandewalle, University of Liège (Belgium), who introduced Djiman Lederoun to fish taxonomy (Ref. 114035).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Tropical
Africa: Volta River basin in Benin, Burkina Faso and Ghana (Ref. 114035).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 4.8 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 114035)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 8;
Vertebrae: 32. Diagnosis: Enteromius vandewallei is distinguished from all other Enteromius species of West Africa by the following unique combination of characters: last simple dorsal-fin ray smooth on posterior margin, vs. denticulate in E. cadenati, E. carcharhinoides, E. dialonensis and E. guineensis; 4.5 scales between dorsal-fin base and lateral line, vs. 5.5 in E. subinensis and 3.5 in E. ablabes, E. aboinensis, E. aliciae, E. anema, E. baudoni, E. bawkuensis, E. callipterus, E. clauseni, E. eburneensis, E. guildi, E. huguenyi, E. liberiensis, E. macrops, E. melanotaenia, E. niokoloensis, E. parablabes, E. pumilus, punctitaeniatus, E. raimbaulti, E. teugelsi, E. trispiloides, E. walkeri and E. zalbiensis; two pairs of barbels, vs. no barbels in E. leonensis, E. salessei, E. stigmatopygus and E. sylvaticus, and only one pair in E. pobeguini; no spots on the flanks, vs. spots present in E. anniae, E. boboi, E. camptacanthus, E. lauzannei, E. macinensis, E. perince, E. sublineatus, E. tiekoroi, E. traorei and E. trispilos; 12 scale rows around caudal peduncle, vs. 9-10 in E. inaequalis and 10 in E. ditinensis; a black band in the middle of the flanks, vs. no band in E. bagbwensis and E. foutensis; long barbels, the anterior pair reaching the posterior half of eye, the posterior one reaching the front edge of the pre-opercula, vs. short barbels, the anterior pair falling short of eye, the posterior sometimes extending beyond center of eye in E. atakorensis; 8 branched dorsal-fin rays, vs. 7 in E. atakorensis; lateral line clearly depressed below the dorsal fin, vs. lateral line straight in E. chlorotaenia and E. bigornei; head length 26.4-28.4% of standard length, vs. 22.6-25.7% in E. nigeriensis; interorbital width 22-27% of head length, vs. 27-36% in E. nigeriensis; and with a rather narrow, black, longitudinal band covering less than 0.5 scale in the middle of the flanks and rising about 1 scale above lateral line at the level of the dorsal fin, vs. longitudinal band, whenever present, often wider, covering more than 0.5 scale in the middle of the flanks while rising only about 0.5 a scale above the lateral line in E. nigeriensis (Ref. 114035).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Lederoun, D. and E. Vreven, 2016. Enteromius vandewallei, a new species of minnow from the Volta River basin, West Africa (Cypriniformes: Cyprinidae). Ichthyol. Explor. Freshwat. 27(2):97-106. (Ref. 114035)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00776 (0.00251 - 0.02399), b=3.04 (2.79 - 3.29), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.0 ±0.3 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (12 of 100) .