Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Cyprinidae
(Minnows or carps) > Smiliogastrinae
Etymology: Enteromius: Greek, enteron = intestine + Greek, myo, mys = muscle (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Subtropical; 22°S - 26°S
Africa: upper reaches of Blyde River, Limpopo system, eastern Transvaal, South Africa; previously known from the Treur and Sabie rivers.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 108 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 6465); max. reported age: 6 years (Ref. 7248)
Found mainly in small pools and behind rocks in flowing runs of clear mountain streams. Feeds on aquatic invertebrates, particularly insects. Co-exists with the small amphiliid catfish Amphilius natalensis (Ref. 6465). Breeds in early summer, with both sexes developing small tubercles on the head.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Lévêque, C. and J. Daget, 1984. Cyprinidae. p. 217-342. In J. Daget, J.-P. Gosse and D.F.E. Thys van den Audenaerde (eds.) Check-list of the freshwater fishes of Africa (CLOFFA). ORSTOM, Paris and MRAC, Tervuren. Vol. 1. (Ref. 2801)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00244 - 0.04107), b=3.04 (2.81 - 3.27), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.38 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (tmax=6).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High to very high vulnerability (70 of 100) .