Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Blenniiformes
(Blennies) > Tripterygiidae
(Triplefin blennies) > Tripterygiinae
Etymology: Enneapterygius: Greek, ennea = nine times + Greek, pterygion = little fin (Ref. 45335). More on author: Fricke.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 0 - 18 m (Ref. 27223). Tropical
Western Pacific: Japan, Taiwan, Philippines, Indonesia, Papua New Guinea, Australia, Palau, and Guam.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 4.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 90102)
Morphology | Morphometrics
(total): 14 - 18;
soft rays: 16 - 20. Male with reddish head and body, row of white blotches along side, additional row of white saddles on back, blackish tail, and black "mask" on front and lower half of head. Female translucent yellowish or orange with faint dark saddles/streaks on back. Dorsal rays III + XI-XV + 6-11; anal rays I,16-20; pectoral rays 16-18; pelvic rays I,2; lateral line interrupted, 13-20 + 13-22; head, chest, and pectoral-fin base scaleless; simple orbital tentacle present; mandibular pores 3-6 + 2-8 + 3-6. Maximum size to 4 cm TL (Ref. 90102).
Adults occur in shallow waters, mainly on the reef flat or crest. They are found on shady vertical rock walls with some current and relatively high oxygen level (Ref. 27223). Eggs are hemispherical and covered with numerous sticky threads that anchor them in the algae on the nesting sites (Ref. 240). Larvae are planktonic which occur primarily in shallow, nearshore waters (Ref. 94114).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Fricke, R., 1997. Tripterygiid fishes of the western and central Pacific, with descriptions of 15 new species, including an annotated checklist of world Tripterygiidae (Teleostei). Theses Zool. 29:1-607. (Ref. 27223)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 24.7 - 29.3, mean 28.5 °C (based on 1586 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00550 (0.00246 - 0.01227), b=3.08 (2.89 - 3.27), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.1 ±0.3 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .