Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Osmeriformes
(Smelts) > Opisthoproctidae
(Barreleyes or spookfishes)
Etymology: Dolichopteryx: Greek, dolichos = long + Greek, pteryx, = wing, fin (Ref. 45335); longipes: longipes refers to the long pelvics (Ref. 4525). More on author: Vaillant.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathypelagic; oceanodromous (Ref. 51243); depth range 500 - 2400 m (Ref. 74511). Deep-water; 45°N - 27°N, 180°W - 180°E
Probably worldwide in temperate and tropical waters. Eastern Pacific: California Current region (Ref. 35626). South China Sea (Ref.74511).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 18.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 6542)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 8 - 9;
Vertebrae: 46 - 47. Body deep. Short pectoral fins, long ventral fins. Relatively large head and absence of ventral light organs. Line of dark chromatophores along the body below lateral line (Ref. 37473).
Oceanic and mesopelagic species (Ref. 6686). Taken regularly at depths shallower than 458 m, with scientific deep-sea fishing gear. Feed mainly on small crustaceans, particularly copepods (Ref. 4525). Oviparous, with planktonic larvae (Ref. 35626) and eggs (Ref. 6686). Paedomorphic (Ref. 35626).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Quéro, J.-C., 1990. Opisthroproctidae. p. 241-243. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 1. (Ref. 6542)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 3 - 5, mean 4.1 °C (based on 66 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5020 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00389 (0.00180 - 0.00842), b=3.12 (2.94 - 3.30), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.0 ±0.00 se; based on food items.
Generation time: 2.2 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 1 growth studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Assuming tmax>3).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (25 of 100) .