Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Zeiformes
(Dories) > Cyttidae
Etymology: Cyttus: Greek, kyttaros, kytos = a convex cavity.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathydemersal; depth range 200 - 978 m (Ref. 50308). Deep-water; 18°S - 55°S, 5°W - 173°W
Southeast Atlantic: Walvis Ridge and from off Cape Town to Algoa Bay in South Africa. Indo-West Pacific: south coast of Australia and New Zealand.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 21.6  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 54.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9563); common length : 33.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9258)
Occurs in offshore waters (Ref. 9258). Juveniles pelagic in surface waters (Ref. 9563).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Heemstra, P.C., 1986. Zeidae. p. 435-438. In M.M. Smith and P.C. Heemstra (eds.) Smiths' sea fishes. Springer-Verlag, Berlin. (Ref. 4253)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Estimates of some properties based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 5.9 - 12.8, mean 8.3 (based on 194 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.7500 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01995 (0.00846 - 0.04703), b=3.01 (2.80 - 3.22), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.9 ±0.87 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Very Low, minimum population doubling time more than 14 years (tm=5.2-6.3; Tmax=38; K=0.04-0.07).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High vulnerability (65 of 100) .