Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Sciaenidae
(Drums or croakers)
Etymology: Cynoscion: Greek, kyon = dog + Greek, odous = teeth + Greek, skion, skiaina = barbel, red mullet (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; benthopelagic; non-migratory; depth range 100 - 200 m (Ref. 43583). Tropical; 0°S - 5°S
Southeast Pacific: Ecuador.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 40.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 55763); common length : 30.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 55763)
(total): 11 - 12;
soft rays: 9 - 10;
Vertebrae: 25. A moderate sized Cynoscion, the largest specimen is 353 mm TL. It can be distinguished from its congeners by : a long head contained 2.8 to 3 times in SL, a large eye contained 5.1 to 5.8 times in head length (HL), a low gill raker count, a relatively high number of dorsal-fin rays (23-26), a long pectoral fin contained 1.6 in HL, a dark steel grey color on its dorsum and a black pigmented oral cavity.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Béarez, P., 2001. Description of a new weakfish, Cynoscion nortoni, from Ecuador with a note on the distribution of Umbrina bussingi (Perciformes: Sciaenidae). Rev. Biol. Trop. 49 Suppl. 1:59-65. (Ref. 43583)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: minor commercial
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 13.9 - 16, mean 15 (based on 3 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00871 (0.00431 - 0.01761), b=3.07 (2.91 - 3.23), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.8 ±0.6 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (29 of 100) .