Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Siluriformes
(Catfish) > Pseudopimelodidae
(Bumblebee catfishes, dwarf marbled catfishes)
Etymology: Cruciglanis: Name from the Latin 'crucis' meaning cross and 'glanis' for catfish, referring to the crucifix shape of the second basibranchial in the branchial arch.; pacifici: Name refers to its endemic distribution in the coastal rivers draining the western slope of the Cordillera Occidental of Colombia; noun in apposition..
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Tropical
South America: Colombia.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 11.2 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 57850)
Morphology | Morphometrics
This species is distinguished by the following characters: subdorsal and subadipose spots are joined forming an oval-shaped clear spot; second basibranchial is ossified, cross-shaped with lateral processes; ectopterygoid bone shaped like an inverted comma, with its distal end narrow and directed medially towards the endopterygoid (=mesopterygoid); elongated anterior fontanel, reaching posteriorly to the level of the infraorbital sensory canal opening of the sphenotic bone; emarginate caudal fin with rounded edges, and ventral lobe larger than the dorsal one; caudal fin base with a dark spot and fused with the peduncular spot, covering the anterior three quarters of its length, and distal rim totally hyaline (Ref. 57850).
Inhabits undisturbed clear and shallow rivers in strong current and on gravel to small stone substrates (riffles or runs). Associated with Gobiesox sp., Chaetostoma marginatum, Cordilancistrus daguae, Astroblepus trifasciatus, Trichomycterus taenia; as well as shrimps (Atya). Stomach contents of 5 specimens caught in the Aguaclara River, revealed immature aquatic insects belonging to Trichoptera, Diptera, Ephemeroptera and Odonata, and terrestrial insects of the orders Hymenoptera and Coleoptera (Ref. 57850).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Ortega-Lara, A. and P. Lehmann A., 2006. Cruciglanis, a new genus of pseudopimelodid catfish (Ostariophysi: Siluriformes) with description of a new species from the Colombian Pacific coast. Neotrop. Ichthyol. 4(2):147-156. (Ref. 57850)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 1.0000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00244 - 0.04107), b=3.04 (2.81 - 3.27), in cm Total Length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .