Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Characiformes
(Characins) > Characidae
(Characins) > Stevardiinae
Etymology: Creagrutus: Greek, kreagreytos, -os, -on = to tear, to rip up the flesh (Ref. 45335); cerritulus: From the Latin cerritulus, meaning strange, in reference to the intense modifications of representatives of this species relative both to the other species of Creagrutus and across the Stevardiinae and even the Characidae.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Tropical; 8°C - ? (Ref. 116020)
South America: Río Cachiyacu, a tributary of the Río Huallaga, Amazon basin in Peru.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 5.1 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 116020)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 13 - 15;
Vertebrae: 36 - 37. Creagrutus cerritulus can be easily distinguished from all congeners by the following unique characters: mouth distinctly ventrally positioned; dentary and premaxilla dentition strongly spatulate with the central and adjacent cusps of similar size; anterior portion of the dentary strongly bent forming a nearly 120° angle relative to the posterior portion of the lower jaw and resulting in the cutting edges of the dentary teeth running parallel to the distal axis of the jaw; symphyseal interdigitations present on the lingual surface between the contralateral premaxillae; a notch along the posterior margin of the maxilla present which serves for the insertion of the ligamentum primordiale; distal tips of the mesethmoid wings anteriorly bent; very tight association between the posterior, cuneiform process of the vomer and the anterior portion of the parasphenoid; intestine distinctly elongated; size of stomach reduced; and swimbladder reduced, especially the posterior chamber (Ref. 116020).
Inhabits river characterized by moderate to strong currents over a substrate composed primarily of pebbles and rocks. The water was reddish in color, alkaline, with high conductivity (10000 μS/cm) and 'very salty' water. Collected along with only six other fish species.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Netto-Ferreira, A.L. and Vari. R.P., 2017. A new highly modified species of Creagrutus (Characidae: Stevardiinae) apparently mimetic of Prodontocharax. Copeia 105(2):368-374. (Ref. 116020)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01413 (0.00616 - 0.03241), b=2.97 (2.78 - 3.16), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.5 ±0.1 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .