Teleostei (teleosts) > Siluriformes
(Catfishes) > Callichthyidae
(Callichthyid armored catfishes) > Corydoradinae
Etymology: Corydoras: Greek, kory = helmet + greek, doras = skin (Ref. 45335); diphyes: Specific name from Greek 'diphyes', meaning of double nature, in reference to the unique variation in color patterns expressed in this species, striped and blotchy..
More on authors: Axenrot & Kullander.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; demersal. Tropical
South America: restricted to tributaries of río Monday and río Acaray, ringht bank tributaries of río Paraná, Paraguay.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 4.5 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 52874)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Vertebrae: 18 - 19. Relatively low scute numbers (dorsal/ventral row, 23-24/20-21, pre-adipose scutes 2-4, usually 3), series of 4-6 distinct spots or a continuous midlateral band along the middle of the side instead of 2-3 large dark blotches; dorsal and pectoral fins not elongated in either sex; distinct stripes in dorsal and caudal fins (Ref. 52874).
Facultative air-breathing (Ref. 126274); Usually occurs in areas with sandy bottom, bank vegetation entering water or with marginal aquatic plants, dark, clear or slightly turbid water and limited associated fauna (Ref. 52874). Mimicked by Otocinclus mimulus; (Ref. 52874). Mimicry is unusual because the two species occupy different microhabitats and it is hypothesized to operate with a primarily visual predator moving between the microhabitats, tentatively identified as the cichlid Crenicichla lepidota (Ref. 52874).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Axenrot, T.E. and S.O. Kullander, 2003. Corydoras diphyes (Siluriformes: Callichthyidae) and Otocinclus mimulus (Siluriformes: Loricariidae), two new species of catfishes from Paraguay, a case of mimetic association. Ichthyol. Explor. Freshwat. 14(3):249-272. (Ref. 52874)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01622 (0.00688 - 0.03823), b=3.02 (2.82 - 3.22), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.0 ±0.3 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100).