Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Clupeiformes
(Herrings) > Engraulidae
(Anchovies) > Coiliinae
Etymology: Coilia: Greek, koilia, -as = abdomen, hollow (Ref. 45335). More on author: Richardson.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; freshwater; brackish; pelagic-neritic; depth range - 50 m (Ref. 189), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 0°C - ; 33°N - 7°N, 72°E - 124°E (Ref. 189)
Indo-Pacific: East and South China seas (from at least Suchow south to Hainan and most likely to Viet Nam), also Indian Ocean (Kerala, India).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 33.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 124713); max. published weight: 127.32 g (Ref. 124713)
soft rays: 80. Body tapering, belly rounded before pelvic fins, with 12 to 15 + 22 to 29 = 36 to 44 keeled scutes from isthmus to anus. Maxilla long, reaching to or beyond base of the first pectoral fin ray. Pectoral fin with 7 filaments. All other species with a long maxilla have only 6 pectoral filaments.
Occurs in coastal waters and estuaries, presumably with a biology similar to that of other members of the genus.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Spawn in school (Ref. 205).
Whitehead, P.J.P., G.J. Nelson and T. Wongratana, 1988. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 7. Clupeoid fishes of the world (Suborder Clupeoidei). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the herrings, sardines, pilchards, sprats, shads, anchovies and wolf-herrings. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(7/2):305-579. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 189)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: subsistence fisheries
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 23.6 - 28.6, mean 26.4 °C (based on 122 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5001 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00324 (0.00137 - 0.00763), b=3.07 (2.89 - 3.25), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (34 of 100) .