Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Ovalentaria/misc
(Various families in series Ovalentaria) > Pomacentridae
(Damselfishes) > Pomacentrinae
Etymology: Chromis: Greek, chromis = a fish, perhaps a perch (Ref. 45335). More on author: Bleeker.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; non-migratory; depth range 3 - 40 m (Ref. 7247), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 0°C - ; 35°N - 25°S
Pacific Ocean: Christmas Island and offshore reefs of northwestern Australia in the eastern Indian Ocean to the islands of Oceania (excluding the Hawaiian Islands). Reported from Maldives (Ref. 5579), Japan and Taiwan (Ref. 1602 and 4868, respectively). Replaced by Chromis opercularis in western Indian Ocean (Ref. 37816).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 17.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 90102)
Adults are found in steep outer reef slopes and shallow coastal reef flats, sometimes forming large aggregations feeding on zooplankton several meters above the bottom. Juveniles remain close to shelter. Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205). Eggs are demersal and adhere to the substrate (Ref. 205). Nests are found in small patches of loose sand under ledges or at the base of slopes (Ref. 9710). Males guard and aerate the eggs (Ref. 205). Diurnal species (Ref. 54980; 113699).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205). Eggs are demersal and adhere to the substrate (Ref. 205). Males guard and aerate the eggs (Ref. 205).
Allen, G.R., 1991. Damselfishes of the world. Mergus Publishers, Melle, Germany. 271 p. (Ref. 7247)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 24.7 - 28.9, mean 27.7 °C (based on 424 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01549 (0.00742 - 0.03232), b=2.95 (2.78 - 3.12), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.45 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (28 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 63.4 [37.2, 101.9] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.747 [0.478, 1.217] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.6 [17.6, 19.7] % ; Omega3 = 0.151 [0.091, 0.243] g/100g ; Selenium = 25.1 [12.7, 46.8] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 135 [44, 420] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.19 [0.80, 1.76] mg/100g (wet weight);