Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Ovalentaria/misc
(Various families in series Ovalentaria) > Pomacentridae
(Damselfishes) > Pomacentrinae
Etymology: Chromis: Greek, chromis = a fish, perhaps a perch (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; non-migratory; depth range 15 - 116 m (Ref. 13442), usually 15 - 30 m (Ref. 9710). Tropical; 29°N - 5°S, 98°W - 37°W
Western Atlantic: southern Florida, USA and the Caribbean Sea (Ref. 7247) to northern Brazil (Ref. 57756). More abundant at continental locations (Ref. 51183).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 10.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9710)
soft rays: 11 - 12. Adults gray brown dorsally, often shading white ventrally, with purple- blue markings, many as vertical lines; upper edge of eye bright purple-blue; juveniles blue (Ref. 13442).
Adults occur in steep outer slopes and deeper patch reefs (Ref. 7247). Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205). Eggs are demersal and adhere to the substrate (Ref. 205). Males guard and aerate the eggs (Ref. 205).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205). Eggs are demersal and adhere to the substrate (Ref. 205). Males guard and aerate the eggs (Ref. 205).
Allen, G.R., 1991. Damselfishes of the world. Mergus Publishers, Melle, Germany. 271 p. (Ref. 7247)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 23.9 - 28, mean 26.8 °C (based on 126 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01738 (0.00792 - 0.03811), b=3.01 (2.84 - 3.18), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.45 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (21 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 95.8 [54.4, 160.0] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.897 [0.571, 1.514] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.6 [17.5, 19.7] % ; Omega3 = 0.164 [0.093, 0.280] g/100g ; Selenium = 22.6 [10.8, 43.5] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 153 [49, 480] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.37 [0.90, 2.09] mg/100g (wet weight);