Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Siluriformes
(Catfish) > Mochokidae
(Squeakers or upside-down catfishes)
Etymology: Chiloglanis: Greek, cheilos = lip + Greek, glanis = a fish that can eat the bait without touching the hook; a cat fish (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Tropical
Africa: known only from the holotype from Mount Nimba (upper Cavally basin) in Guinea (Ref. 272, 7362, 57223).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 4.9 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 57223)
Morphology | Morphometrics
(total): 5. Diagnosis: labial disk moderately developed and rounded, with thick papillae covering almost its entire surface; mandibular barbels short; auxiliary barbels absent; premaxillary teeth large, arranged in 4-5 rows; only known specimen has 7+6 mandibular teeth, but typical number for this species is probably 7+7; adipose fin short, beginning slightly ahead of anal-fin origin; caudal fin weakly forked, lower lobe longer than upper; eyes not very well developed; dorsal surface of head with longitudinal epidermic ridges forming vermiculations (Ref. 57223).
Coloration: body covered with numerous small dark spots, more or less uniformly distributed on dorsal surface (colour hardly visible on preserved holotype)(Ref. 57223).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Oviparous (Ref. 205). Distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205).
Paugy, D. and T.R. Roberts, 2003. Mochokidae. p. 195-268 In C. Lévêque, D. Paugy and G.G. Teugels (eds.) Faune des poissons d'eaux douce et saumâtres de l'Afrique de l'Ouest, Tome 2. Coll. Faune et Flore tropicales 40. Musée Royal de l'Afrique Centrale, Tervuren, Belgique, Museum National d'Histoire Naturalle, Paris, France and Institut de Recherche pour le Développement, Paris, France. 815 p. (Ref. 57223)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00244 - 0.04107), b=3.04 (2.81 - 3.27), in cm Total Length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.1 ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .