Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Acanthuriformes
(Surgeonfishes) > Pomacanthidae
Etymology: Centropyge: Greek, kentron = sting + Greek, pyge = tail (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; non-migratory; depth range 5 - 80 m (Ref. 9626), usually 5 - 30 m (Ref. 9626). Subtropical; 35°N - 10°N
Western Atlantic: Bermuda and Florida, USA to French Guiana, including the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean Sea.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 8.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9710)
(total): 14 - 15;
soft rays: 17. Deep blue, the head and chest orange-yellow; a narrow blue ring around eye; a small dark blue smudge just behind corner of mouth; pectoral fins pale yellowish; other fins deep blue with pale blue margins (Ref. 13442).
Normally occurs in rubble areas. Feeds on various types of algae. Oviparous (Ref. 205), monogamous (Ref. 52884). Retreats into holes when frightened (Ref. 9710). Has been reared in captivity (Ref. 35408).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Oviparous, distinct pairing (Ref. 240). Monogamous mating is observed as both facultative and social (Ref. 52884).
Allen, G.R., 1985. Butterfly and angelfishes of the world. Vol. 2. 3rd edit. in English. Mergus Publishers, Melle, Germany. (Ref. 4858)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 23.5 - 28.1, mean 26.1 °C (based on 324 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.03311 (0.01558 - 0.07036), b=2.88 (2.70 - 3.06), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.0 ±0.0 se; based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (23 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 71.3 [35.5, 147.8] mg/100g ; Iron = 1.3 [0.7, 2.4] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.8 [17.5, 20.1] % ; Omega3 = 0.195 [0.101, 0.372] g/100g ; Selenium = 9.99 [4.26, 23.99] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 45.7 [9.7, 205.9] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.54 [0.91, 2.60] mg/100g (wet weight);