Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Eupercaria/misc
(Various families in series Eupercaria) > Latilidae
Etymology: Caulolatilus: Greek, kaulos = stem, stalk + Latin, latus = wide (Ref. 45335). More on author: Poey.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range 45 - 495 m (Ref. 9626), usually 150 - 250 m (Ref. 9626). Subtropical; 35°N - 9°N, 98°W - 57°W
Western Atlantic: North Carolina and Florida (USA), Bermuda, Cuba, Yucatan (Mexico), Puerto Rico, Lesser Antilles, Nicaragua, Colombia, and Venezuela (Ref. 3276). Probably throughout Caribbean (Dooley, pers. comm.).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 60.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 7251); common length : 30.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5217); max. published weight: 11.0 kg (Ref. 3276)
Inhabits sandy and muddy bottoms. Possibly construct burrows in the seafloor sediments (Ref. 101572). Feeds on invertebrates and small fishes (Ref. 26235). Marketed fresh and is highly appreciated as a food fish.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Dooley, J.K., 1978. Systematics and biology of the tilefishes (Perciformes: Branchiostegidae and Malacanthidae) with descriptions of two new species. NOAA Tech. Rep. NMFS Circ. No. 411:1-78. (Ref. 8991)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: commercial; gamefish: yes
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 13.7 - 22.7, mean 18.3 °C (based on 54 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5005 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00813 (0.00390 - 0.01696), b=3.11 (2.92 - 3.30), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.0 ±0.61 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate to high vulnerability (53 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 70.7 [41.4, 125.6] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.968 [0.589, 1.504] mg/100g ; Protein = 17.9 [15.5, 20.9] % ; Omega3 = 0.379 [0.269, 0.531] g/100g ; Selenium = 35.6 [19.1, 63.0] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 14.1 [5.9, 33.6] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.697 [0.519, 0.956] mg/100g (wet weight);