Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Eupercaria/misc
(Various families in series Eupercaria) > Latilidae
Etymology: Caulolatilus: Greek, kaulos = stem, stalk + Latin, latus = wide (Ref. 45335). More on author: Valenciennes.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range 76 - 244 m (Ref. 5217). Tropical; 35°N - 24°S
Western Atlantic: North Carolina and Dry Tortugas, Florida (USA), major part of the Antilles to Rio de Janeiro, Paraná (Ref. 47377) and Sao Paulo, Brazil (Ref. 7251). Throughout Caribbean (Dooley, pers. comm., Ref. 26938).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 60.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 7251); common length : 44.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9626)
Inhabits rubble bottoms. Feeds mainly on crustaceans and other invertebrates; occasionally on small fishes. Flesh not appreciated (Ref. 5217). Minimum depth from Ref. 47377. Traded as an aquarium fish at Ceará, Brazil (Ref. 49392).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Dooley, J.K., 1978. Systematics and biology of the tilefishes (Perciformes: Branchiostegidae and Malacanthidae) with descriptions of two new species. NOAA Tech. Rep. NMFS Circ. No. 411:1-78. (Ref. 8991)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: commercial; gamefish: yes; aquarium: commercial
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 17.1 - 25.2, mean 21.3 °C (based on 78 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5005 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00741 (0.00439 - 0.01251), b=3.10 (2.95 - 3.25), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.6 ±0.51 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate to high vulnerability (51 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 82.6 [48.0, 135.3] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.792 [0.483, 1.308] mg/100g ; Protein = 16.9 [14.5, 19.9] % ; Omega3 = 0.251 [0.161, 0.388] g/100g ; Selenium = 72.9 [37.7, 130.7] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 28.5 [11.5, 74.0] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.846 [0.613, 1.199] mg/100g (wet weight);