Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes/Scorpaenoidei
(Scorpionfishes) > Scorpaenidae
(Scorpionfishes or rockfishes) > Caracanthinae
Etymology: Caracanthus: Greek, kara = face + Greek, akantha = thorn (Ref. 45335). More on author: Gray.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 3 - 15 m (Ref. 30874). Tropical; 35°N - 30°S
Indo-Pacific: East Indies to the Line, Marquesan, and Austral Islands, north to southern Japan.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 5.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9710)
Inhabits shallow reef crests, usually exposed to moderate surge (Ref. 48635). Common among the branches of pocilloporid corals (e.g. Pocillopora eydouxi, Stylophora mordax) and some species of Acropora.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Myers, R.F., 1991. Micronesian reef fishes. Second Ed. Coral Graphics, Barrigada, Guam. 298 p. (Ref. 1602)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 25.4 - 29.3, mean 28.3 °C (based on 2417 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5625 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01995 (0.00906 - 0.04395), b=3.01 (2.83 - 3.19), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months ().
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (14 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 208 [98, 538] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.906 [0.508, 1.831] mg/100g ; Protein = 17.9 [15.8, 20.0] % ; Omega3 = 0.253 [0.100, 0.766] g/100g ; Selenium = 21 [8, 57] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 182 [50, 669] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.77 [1.06, 2.95] mg/100g (wet weight);