Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes/Zoarcoidei
(Eelpouts and pricklebacks) > Zoarcidae
(Eelpouts) > Lycodinae
Etymology: Bothrocara: Greek, bostrykos = cure of lack of hair + Tupí, guaraní, acará = the name of a fish. It could be also from Greek, kara = face (Ref. 45335). More on author: Bean.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathydemersal; depth range 129 - 2570 m (Ref. 50550), usually 457 - ? m (Ref. 2850). Deep-water
North Pacific: Sakhalin, Russia and Navarin Canyon in the Bering Sea to Attu Island in the Aleutian chain and Coronado Islands, Baja California, Mexico.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 74.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 80637)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 95 - 100. Dorsal and anal fins enveloped anteriorly in soft gelatinous tissue (Ref. 6885). Uniform light gray or brown, semi translucent, blue or black margins on dorsal and anal fins; color stronger posteriorly, transparent on narrow margins of unpaired fins; light on lining on mouth; black on peritoneum (Ref. 6885).
Found on mud or sandy-mud bottoms (Ref. 2850). The stomach contents indicate that it feeds upon a wide variety of bottom-dwelling organisms, probably eating anything it encounters that has food value and is small enough to ingest (Ref. 4525).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Eschmeyer, W.N., E.S. Herald and H. Hammann, 1983. A field guide to Pacific coast fishes of North America. Boston (MA, USA): Houghton Mifflin Company. xii+336 p. (Ref. 2850)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 0.2 - 4.8, mean 2.6 °C (based on 298 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5039 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00170 (0.00090 - 0.00319), b=3.23 (3.06 - 3.40), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.6 ±0.0 se; based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Fec=1,650-2,480).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High to very high vulnerability (68 of 100) .