Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Siluriformes
(Catfish) > Ariidae
(Sea catfishes) > Bagreinae
Etymology: Bagre: Mozarabic, bagre, taken from Greek, pagros = a fish (Dentex sp.) (Ref. 45335). More on author: Steindachner.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; freshwater; brackish; demersal. Tropical; 32°N - 3°S, 114°W - 77°W
North, Central and South America: Pacific draining rivers from the Gulf of California to Ecuador.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 95.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 55763); common length : 30.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 55763)
Body robust, rounded anteriorly and compressed posteriorly; mouth sub-terminal and wide; teeth villiform, arranged in a narrow band followed by four narrow continuous bands across the palate; two pairs of barbels, the maxillary barbels long and ribbon-like; dorsal and pectoral fin spines long. Body brown; back metallic blue or bright violet; belly silvery gray; fins yellowish green; a black spot present anterior to the anal fin (Ref. 55763).
Adults are found in coastal waters (Ref. 9271). Marketed fresh, salted, dried and smoked (Ref. 9271).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Kailola, P.J. and W.A. Bussing, 1995. Ariidae. Bagres marinos. p. 860-886. In W. Fischer, F. Krupp, W. Schneider, C. Sommer, K.E. Carpenter and V. Niem (eds.) Guia FAO para Identification de Especies para lo Fines de la Pesca. Pacifico Centro-Oriental. 3 Vols. FAO, Rome. (Ref. 9271)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Traumatogenic (Ref. 58010)
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 22.1 - 28.2, mean 25.9 °C (based on 42 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5625 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00437 (0.00189 - 0.01011), b=3.13 (2.93 - 3.33), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.5 ±0.80 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Very Low, minimum population doubling time more than 14 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High vulnerability (62 of 100) .