Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Siluriformes
(Catfish) > Ariidae
(Sea catfishes) > Bagreinae
Etymology: Bagre: Mozarabic, bagre, taken from Greek, pagros = a fish (Dentex sp.) (Ref. 45335). More on author: Gill.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; brackish; demersal; depth range 3 - 177 m (Ref. 96339), usually 10 - 60 m (Ref. 91172). Subtropical; 34°N - 7°S
Eastern Pacific: off Santa Ana River in southern California, USA to Peru. Rare north of southern Baja California, Mexico.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 51.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 96339)
Found inshore, usually on muddy bottoms. Enters estuaries (Ref. 11035). Spine in front of the dorsal and pectoral fins is venomous and can cause a painful wound. Marketed fresh (Ref. 9271).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Eschmeyer, W.N., E.S. Herald and H. Hammann, 1983. A field guide to Pacific coast fishes of North America. Boston (MA, USA): Houghton Mifflin Company. xii+336 p. (Ref. 2850)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 17.7 - 28.5, mean 23.4 °C (based on 130 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5625 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00912 (0.00355 - 0.02342), b=3.06 (2.84 - 3.28), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.0 ±0.6 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate to high vulnerability (50 of 100) .