Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Scombriformes
(Mackerels) > Ariommatidae
Etymology: Ariomma: Greek, ari = very, strength, superiority + Greek, omma = eyes (Ref. 45335). More on author: Poey.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range 0 - 500 m (Ref. 13628). Subtropical; 41°N - 4°N, 98°W - 50°W
Western Atlantic: New Jersey, USA and northern Gulf of Mexico through the Antilles (Ref. 13628) to the Guianas.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 25.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 26340); common length : 18.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3269)
Adults caught in shrimp grounds and deeper shelf areas, but occurrence is sporadic. Juveniles inhabit offshore surface waters, especially around floating weeds. Adults may be restricted to continental margins of the western Atlantic with juveniles found in the Caribbean expatriated from these populations (Ref. 51183). Feeds mainly on benthic crustaceans. An excellent food fish (Ref. 26938).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Oviparous, gonochorous, with pelagic eggs (Ref. 101194).
Robins, C.R. and G.C. Ray, 1986. A field guide to Atlantic coast fishes of North America. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, U.S.A. 354 p. (Ref. 7251)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: minor commercial
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 15.4 - 26.5, mean 21.8 °C (based on 149 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5156 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.02042 (0.00795 - 0.05244), b=2.96 (2.74 - 3.18), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.45 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (15 of 100) .